Our Logans: Some significant dates and events

Part 4: 1860-1877

  • 1860: Democratic National Convention. South Carolina delegates walk out: “Slavery is our King; slavery is our Truth; slavery is our Divine Right.”
  • 1860: Abraham Lincoln elected president (November 6); Republican party opposes spread of slavery to U.S. territories
  • 1860: South Carolina secedes from Union (December 20)
  • 1860: John Randolph Logan of Cleveland County begins first of 3 terms in North Carolina state legislature (1860-1861, 1862-1863, 1865-1866)
  • 1861: MS, FL, AL, GA, LA, and TX secede from Union (January/February)
  • 1861: Kansas admitted to statehood (January 29)
  • 1861: Hillary Logan and sons, W.L., J.M., D.T., R.S., and W.H., join Mounted Ranging Company in Coryell County, Texas, to thwart potential Indian attacks
  • 1861: Southern forces fire on Ft. Sumter, Charleston, SC; Civil War begins (12 April). Soon, near-total war; all our Logans impacted both on battlefields and at home. Scores of Logans serve on both sides.
  • 1861: VA, AR, NC, and TN secede from Union (April, May, June)
  • 1863: Emancipation Proclamation (1 January)
  • 1863: Gettysburg Address (19 November)
  • 1864: Zachariah Logan dies, Perry County, Illinois (December 11)
  • 1865: President Lincoln assassinated (15 April)
  • 1865: Andrew Johnson, fourth Scots-Irish President, elected
  • 1865: Civil War ends
  • 1865: Reconstruction, “most progressive era in American history,” begins
  • 1868: Terrorism by Reconstruction Ku Klux Klan, including Logans, begins in York County, SC. Republicans, black and white, targeted by former Confederates in KKK.
  • 1868: President Andrew Johnson impeached by House of Representatives. Acquitted in Senate by one vote.
  • 1869: Ulysses S. Grant, fifth President with Scots-Irish roots, elected. Under Federal Ku Klux Klan Act, U.S. troops eventually arrest hundreds in York County, SC, and vicinity. Reconstruction Ku Klux Klan suppressed.
  • 1873: Panic of 1873 begins
  • 1870s: Logans, Guys, and many other southern Illinois families migrate to southeastern Kansas
  • 1876: Rutherford B. Hayes elected President in brokered deal to end Reconstruction
  • July 4, 1876: U.S. celebrates its centennial
  • 1877: Reconstruction ends. Federal troops withdrawn from South Carolina. Voter suppression, black disenfranchisement, white supremacy return to South

Our Logans: some significant dates and events

Part 3: 1840-1860

  • c. 1840-1845: Levi and Drury Logan families move from Macon County, North Carolina, to Union County, Georgia
  • 1845: Reuben Logan dies, Lincoln County, Tennessee
  • 1845: Texas admitted to statehood (December 29)
  • 1845: James K. Polk elected. Second Scots-Irish President
  • 1846-1848: Mexican-American War: Captain Littleberry Logan of Bedford County, TN, serves with Tennessee Volunteer Infantry. John Benjamin Ragland of Perry County, IL, serves with 2nd Illinois Volunteer Foot. Wounded at Battle of Buena Vista.
  • 1846: Iowa admitted to statehood (Dec. 28)
  • 1848: Wisconsin admitted to statehood (May 29)
  • 1850: California admitted to statehood (September 9)
  • 1852: Elizabeth Ingle Logan and family move from Tennessee to Newton and Lawrence counties, Missouri
  • c. 1854: Hillary Logan and Abigail Wallace Logan family moves from Bienville Parish, LA, to Coryell County, Texas
  • 1857: Panic of 1857 begins
  • c. 1857-1860: Joab Logan and Telitha Dodson Logan family moves from Perry County, IL, to Benton County, Missouri
  • 1857: James Buchanan elected. Third Scots-Irish President
  • 1858: Minnesota admitted to statehood
  • 1860: Drury Logan of Union County, Georgia, donates land for Shady Grove Methodist Campground

 

Our Logans: some significant dates and events

Part two: 1800-1838

  • 1800: Great Revival (Second Great Awakening) begins in Kentucky; sweeps much of the country; strongly influences those who experience Joseph Logan’s preaching
  • c. 1800: Another of our Drury Logans is born in Kentucky
  • 1801: Pioneer Baptist ministers Joseph Logan and John Hightower help constitute Upper Difficult Church, later renamed Bethlehem, Warren (now Allen) County, KY
  • early 1800s: Reuben Logan appears in records of Bedford and Lincoln counties, TN
  • 1803: Louisiana Purchase
  • 1807: Zachariah Logan, Joseph Logan’s son, marries Peggy Brown, Warren County, Kentucky
  • War of 1812: From York District, SC: Drury, Elijah, and William Logan serve with 1st Regiment, South Carolina militia, as does Britten Boleyn, future spouse of Margaret Logan, daughter of William Logan (of the 4 brothers at Kings Mountain)
  • Creek Indian War/War of 1812: Reuben Logan of Mulberry valley, TN, serves with Tennessee Volunteers in the Creek War
  • 1812: Reuben Logan marries Elizabeth Ingle in Lincoln County, Tennessee
  • 1812: Louisiana admitted to statehood (April 30)
  • 1812: Baptist preacher, Joseph Logan, dies in Warren County, Kentucky (October)
  • 1814: Zachariah Logan, Joseph’s son, leaves Lincoln County, TN: “gone to Kentucky”
  • 1816: Indiana admitted to statehood (December 11)
  • 1817: Mississippi admitted to statehood (December 10)
  • 1818: Illinois admitted to statehood (December 3)
  • 1819: Panic of 1819 begins (major impact on South Carolina, especially enslaved)
  • 1819: Alabama admitted to statehood (December 14)
  • 1821: Missouri admitted to statehood (August 10)
  • 1828: Andrew Jackson elected 7th President, first Scots-Irish president. Serves from 1829-1837
  • 1829: Drury Logan moves from Kentucky to North Carolina, an atypical west-to-east move. Marries Mary Addington in Macon County, North Carolina
  • 1830: Levi Logan, son of Drury Logan and Elizabeth Weist Logan of Rutherford County, North Carolina, enumerated in 1830 in Macon County, North Carolina
  • 1832: William Logan (4 brothers) applies for Revolutionary War pension, York County, South Carolina
  • 1832: Drury Logan applies for Revolutionary War pension, Rutherford County, NC
  • 1833: William Logan (4 brothers) dies, York County, South Carolina
  • 1835: Drury Logan dies, Rutherford County, North Carolina
  • 1835-1837: William Logan and Joanna Cason Logan family moves with the “South Carolina Colony” — mostly Baptists — to Claiborne and Bienville parishes, Louisiana
  • 1836: Arkansas admitted to statehood (June 15)
  • 1837: Panic of 1837 begins
  • c. 1837-1838: Zachariah and Peggy Logan and extended family move from Allen County, Kentucky, to southern Illinois (St. Clair and Perry counties)

Our Logans: some significant dates and events

Part One: c. 1709-1799

  • c. 1709: William Logan born
  • 1718-1775: Successive waves of Scot-Irish immigrants arrive in Pennsylvania from Ulster, northern Ireland (150,000 men, women, and children)
  • 1720: Spotsylvania County, Virginia, formed from Essex, King William, and King and Queen counties
  • 1720: Population of American colonies is 475,000 (Boston is largest city: population 12,000; then Philadelphia: 10,000; then New York City: 7,000)
  • 1725: William Logan first appears in court records in Spotsylvania County, Virginia
  • 1743: William Logan’s son, John, born in Spotsylvania County, Virginia
  • 1748: William Logan’s son, also named William, born in Spotsylvania County, VA
  • 1762: Drury Logan born in Halifax County, Virginia
  • 1768: Tryon County, North Carolina, created
  • 1772: New Acquisition (corrected border survey establishes new boundary between North and South Carolina. York County, previously part of Tryon County, North Carolina, is now in South Carolina)
  • 1775: “The shot heard ’round the world” — Lexington and Concord (April)
  • 1775: “Tryon Resolves” drafted and signed, Tryon County, North Carolina (August 14)
  • 1776: Declaration of Independence signed (July 4th)
  • 1776: Cherokee War. William Logan (son of William) serves in Cherokee Expedition under General Rutherford; fights at Battle of Black Hole (near Franklin, NC)
  • 1776: Drury Logan enlists with North Carolina Troops. Serves at various times as militia is called out from 1776 to 1781. At siege of Charleston.
  • 1779: Tryon County disestablished; divided into Lincoln and Rutherford counties, NC
  • 1780: Battle of Kings Mountain, October 7th: 4 Logan brothers, 2 on each side (William and Joseph; John and Thomas)
  • c. 1782: Joanna Cason born. She marries another of our William Logans. This family lives in Edgefield County, South Carolina (established 1785)
  • 1783: Drury Logan marries “Serah Moor” (Sarah Moore), Lincoln County, North Carolina (February 27)
  • 1783: Treaty of Paris: Revolutionary War officially ends (September 3)
  • 1787: Congress enacts Northwest Ordinance
  • 1788: U.S. Constitution ratified replacing Articles of Confederation
  • 1788: South Carolina admitted to statehood
  • 1789: North Carolina admitted to statehood
  • 1789: George Washington inaugurated first U.S. President
  • 1790: First Federal census
  • 1791: Bill of Rights ratified and added to the Constitution
  • 1792: Kentucky admitted to statehood
  • 1796: Tennessee admitted to statehood
  • 1799: Joanna Cason’s sister, Jemima, marries Wyatt Logan, Spotsylvania County, VA
  • 1799: Baptist minister Joseph Logan (of 4 Logan brothers at Kings Mountain, son of William Logan (the first)), living in Pendleton District, South Carolina, receives a Grant South of Green River in Kentucky. Joseph and his extended family move to Warren County, Kentucky.

Genealogy: What first names may reveal

Featuring names from Logan Connections

We may know very little about an ancestor, g-g-g-g-aunt, or 4th cousin twice removed. The records just aren’t there. But that ancestor, aunt, or cousin’s given name sometimes reveals clues about their parents: their politics, heroes, whims, religion, even a rough idea of when a child was born. Those things, in turn, can lead us to other sources to find family information.

Politics. We may not have voting records or a diary entry or a campaign souvenir, but if a father named his son Andrew Jackson Logan, you can be pretty sure that that father was a Democrat. (We’d say you could “take it to the bank” but Andrew Jackson didn’t believe in the national bank.) The parents also may have been celebrating Andrew Jackson’s Scots-Irish roots or the fact he was the first so-called “man of the people” elected President. Probably all three.

Franklin Pierce Dodson’s parents were obviously supporters of the northern Democrat. But they bet on the wrong namesake. Franklin Pierce is generally considered one of the worst Presidents in U.S. history.

We know the politicians and statesmen some parents admired:  John Randolph (Logan), John C. Pinckney (Logan), Benjamin Franklin (Logan), Patrick Henry (Logan), Albert Gallatin (Williamson). Presidential names are sprinkled throughout Logan Connections: George Washington Bomar and Thomas Jefferson Rendleman. People never name a child after a politician they despise, after all.

Heroes, myths, and legends: Our ancestors knew their Greek and Roman history, mythology, and literature. Names bestowed among our Logan and allied families include Leander, Achilles, Leonidas, Homer, and Marcellus. While those names might not lead to any further genealogical information per se, they nonetheless reveal clues about literacy and personality.

Admired qualities: The given names Grace, Honor, Charity, Queen, King, and Reason possibly reveal traits or filial aspirations important to these individuals’ parents.

Religion: We may have no clue what someone’s religion was without church records, a marriage license, christening information, diaries, or other data. But if parents named their child John Wesley Logan, you can be fairly certain they were Methodists. If they named their son John Calvin Logan, you know they were Calvinists or that there were Calvinists in their family line.

Rough idea of birth: In the absence of birth records, a family Bible, or an extant tombstone, the given names April, May, and June at least narrow things down. (Of course, young April may have been named for an aunt, but still, there’s a clue there.) One of the pretty names in Logan Connections is Mayday. We immediately picture a beautiful spring day in May and the birth of this little girl. (Unfortunately, the latter invention of “mayday” as a distress signal gets in the way of our modern ears, but still….)

The name “Pamela” didn’t exist until 1740. This helped establish that an ambiguously-spelled name (and corresponding nickname) prior to that time was probably “Permelia,” though many had her as Pamela. Impossible since “Pamela” hadn’t been invented yet.

Admired military figures: The given name Lafayette is found among our families as is  Francis Marion (Logan). Francis Marion was the “Swamp Fox” of Revolutionary War fame. Both were extremely popular names at one time. The allied Gaffney family looked farther back to William Wallace when naming new baby Gaffney. And for every Robert E. (Logan), there’s a George B. McClellan (Chorpenning).

Biblical names, of course: These were Biblical figures parents admired or wanted their child to emulate or perhaps were favorites from Bible stories: names like  Hannah, Delilah, Mary, Rebecca, Achsah, and Rachel; Moses, Levi, Zachariah, Joseph, David, Benjamin, Joshua, Enoch, and Reuben. This list could go on and on.

Ethnicity and geography: When parents named their daughter Caledonia, they were proudly signaling their ethnic origins. Caledonia was the Roman name for Scotland. We have several parents who named their children for states, among them Missouri, Tennessee, even Texanna.

So, in genealogy, what’s in a name? Often, a lot. We think of the surname being the best clue we have to an ethnic or geographic area and that’s often true. But first names can help enrich a life and tell a story as well.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Twins: A Sneak Preview–and a Favor to Ask

If you’re interested in twins — and really, who isn’t? — check out the Logan Connections addendum when your book arrives in March. We’ve compiled the nearly 60 twins discovered so far in the extended Logan family. (We probably should have titled that section Gemini”!)

Some quick background genetics: Having identical twins is not genetic. Identical twins come from a single fertilized egg.

Fraternal twins, though, can run in families. But only the mother’s genetics matter. Fraternal twins happen when two eggs are simultaneously fertilized instead of one. As Dr. Anna Scholze of Stanford puts it, “A father’s genes can’t make a woman release two eggs.”

The farthest back we’ve found twins in the family thus far is 1836. (We’re hoping, with your help, to find earlier twins.) And in eye-opening news, one intrepid mother had three sets of twins. (By the time she was 41, she had 13 children, thanks to the triple twinning.)

A plea: If you know of twins in your branch of the family, please let us know so we can update our growing list. We’re missing many, we’re convinced, not only “way back,” but in recent years as well. Thanks so much. (We won’t list living twins without permission.)

 

A Truly Colorful Name

One of the pleasures of genealogy is stumbling upon wonderful, memorable names. Here’s one of our favorites: Edith M. White married Charles L. Gray. Mr. Gray died and Edith White Gray married Ira D. Blue. Thus her name was Edith White Gray Blue.

Her tombstone has her name “Edith Gray Blue,” which is delightful in itself, even skipping a color.

Logan, Missouri

“Logan was settled in 1871…on the greatest elevation on [the railroad] between Springfield and the State line…. Here, in 1881, Logan & Bros….were general merchants…. The town of Logan was surveyed for William and Hetty E. Logan, who acknowledged the plat April 8, 1870….”

Source: History of Newton, Lawrence, Barry, and McDonald Counties, Missouri, Chicago: The Goodspeed Co., 1888.

Restoring Spring Hill Cemetery

“To everything there is a season…and a time to gather stones together.” (Book of Ecclesiastes)

(Click on any picture below to view the full size images.)

Spring Hill overlooks Grand Cote Prairie in Perry County, Illinois. Spring Hill Cemetery (also known as Boyle Cemetery) is on the upper slope, a bit below the crest. The closest hamlet is Winkle, originally Craigs Station along the Cairo Short Line Railroad. Now a near-ghost town, Winkle was once a boom-and-bust coal mining community of 1,000 people.

Long before Craigs Station was platted in 1871 and long before the huge mine was even a dream to Mr. Winkle, Spring Hill Cemetery was the final resting place for farm families in that section of Perry County and nearby southern Washington County. The earliest known burial was in 1841.

As decades passed, meandering cattle knocked over tombstones while, below ground, gophers undermined and toppled pedestals and monuments.  Some families began burying their loved ones in other nearby cemeteries like Swanwick Bethel. People moved away. The cemetery gradually became overgrown and began a long, slow process of deterioration. Tumbled stones piled up haphazardly. Tunneling gophers, aided by blowing soil from decades of farming on the windswept prairie, buried tombstones and foot stones. The last known burial was in 1911.

Naomi Logan Bass and her husband, Laverne Bass, first took me to Spring Hill Cemetery in 1979. There were only a few tombstones still standing. Trees, fallen limbs, and brambly underbrush nearly obscured the cemetery from the road below. During the growing season, the only way to tell there was a cemetery there at all was because the trees in the midst of cultivated fields gave it away as did, up close, the periwinkle ground cover. (Periwinkle is a dead giveaway (no pun intended) that a cemetery is or was once there.)

In 1997, my uncle, Jack Logan, visited Spring Hill Cemetery. He took one long look and said straightaway, “We need to fix it up.” Now, I had been to that cemetery several times (and had hosted many a tick and chiggers to prove it) and this had never occurred to me. You might call it an epiphany or teachable moment or eureka moment. To me, it was a palm plant right to my forehead: Why didn’t I think of that? But I was grateful my uncle did.

Jack Logan’s pragmatic vision started an every-Spring-and-Fall work detail/pilgrimage to Spring Hill Cemetery to rehabilitate the place. The first years were spent felling dead trees, removing brush, and hauling out fallen timber. A varying cast of people worked as time and circumstance permitted.  Folks who could no longer do physical labor brought food and drink and contributed tools.

Roger Kuhnert, who lives near Spring Hill, showed up one day and lent us his tractor so we could remount the heaviest tombstones on their original pedestals. Roger didn’t know us from Adam. For all he knew, we could have been a nefarious gang of tractor thieves. But he didn’t hesitate. (Roger’s story continues to this day as he voluntarily looks after, mows, and maintains Spring Hill Cemetery. He also has worked for years mowing and maintaining Swanwick Bethel Cemetery.)

As the seasons and years passed, we gradually got the upper hand over the weeds. Coincidentally, coyotes came back into the area and, nature being nature, helped us with our overly-industrious gophers and unstable soil problem.

Once the cemetery got cleared out a bit, we gently probed for buried tombstones and foot stones. Stu Wright brought along his dowsing rods. Mostly, the stones were hidden under several inches of dirt and clay, but gophers had succeeded in burying one a couple of feet deep. Cindy Abbott worked a long time to uncover that hidden treasure.

As the old stones were re-erected, eventually periwinkle carpeted a real cemetery once more. Jack Logan designed a metal “Spring Hill” arch to frame the entryway to the cemetery. Crafted at his home in Wisconsin, he transported it to southern Illinois where he and his brother, Jay Logan, assembled it. The arch overlooks Grand Cote Prairie on one side, Spring Hill Cemetery on the other. Flowering bushes and dogwood trees were planted beside the archway. The dogwoods were christened with Harry Brown’s and Tom Logan’s favorite beverages: strong coffee and Gatorade, respectively. Spring Hill Cemetery was a cemetery again.

The people who worked on the Spring Hill Cemetery Restoration Project over the years are:

  • Cindy Nehrkorn Abbott
  • Cindy Logan Abernathy
  • Helen Tanner Benson
  • Harry and Beulah Tanner Brown
  • Katie Logan Clark
  • Irene Purcell Dixon
  • Kent Dixon
  • David and Nathan Guthrie
  • Mike Jones
  • Roger and Sue Kuhnert
  • Elsie Logan
  • Jack Logan
  • James and Ada Logan
  • Jay and Mavis Logan
  • Jim Logan
  • Theo Logan
  • Tom Logan
  • Gene and Glenna Hammack Nehrkorn
  • George Nehrkorn
  • Marge Logan Shew
  • Nila Jean Tanner
  • Stu and Sharon Purcell Wright

Our thanks to Roger Kuhnert who continues to look after Spring Hill and Swanwick Bethel cemeteries and to Glen and Delores Bauersachs for maintaining the easement to the cemetery.

Drury and Sarah Ann Lyons Logan’s Children

Four of Drury and Sarah Ann Lyons Logan’s children — three sons and one daughter — are buried in Old Salem Cemetery in Washington County, Illinois. Jane A. Logan died in 1851. Robert and Joseph Logan died 4 days apart in 1852. James H. Logan died in 1855. We don’t know the cause of death of any of them, but suspect cholera in the 1852 deaths. In Illinois in 1850, children between 1 and 5 years old accounted for 19 percent of all deaths.

Logan, James H., son of Drury & Sarah Ann Logan, Old Salem Cemetery Logan, Jane A, daughter of Drury & Sarah Ann Logan, Old Salem Logan, Robert, son of Drury & Sarah Ann, Old Salem Cemetery Logan, Joseph, son of Drury & Sarah Ann Lyons Logan, Old Salem