Our Logans: Some significant dates and events

Part 4: 1860-1877

  • 1860: Democratic National Convention. South Carolina delegates walk out: “Slavery is our King; slavery is our Truth; slavery is our Divine Right.”
  • 1860: Abraham Lincoln elected president (November 6); Republican party opposes spread of slavery to U.S. territories
  • 1860: South Carolina secedes from Union (December 20)
  • 1860: John Randolph Logan of Cleveland County begins first of 3 terms in North Carolina state legislature (1860-1861, 1862-1863, 1865-1866)
  • 1861: MS, FL, AL, GA, LA, and TX secede from Union (January/February)
  • 1861: Kansas admitted to statehood (January 29)
  • 1861: Hillary Logan and sons, W.L., J.M., D.T., R.S., and W.H., join Mounted Ranging Company in Coryell County, Texas, to thwart potential Indian attacks
  • 1861: Southern forces fire on Ft. Sumter, Charleston, SC; Civil War begins (12 April). Soon, near-total war; all our Logans impacted both on battlefields and at home. Scores of Logans serve on both sides.
  • 1861: VA, AR, NC, and TN secede from Union (April, May, June)
  • 1863: Emancipation Proclamation (1 January)
  • 1863: Gettysburg Address (19 November)
  • 1864: Zachariah Logan dies, Perry County, Illinois (December 11)
  • 1865: President Lincoln assassinated (15 April)
  • 1865: Andrew Johnson, fourth Scots-Irish President, elected
  • 1865: Civil War ends
  • 1865: Reconstruction, “most progressive era in American history,” begins
  • 1868: Terrorism by Reconstruction Ku Klux Klan, including Logans, begins in York County, SC. Republicans, black and white, targeted by former Confederates in KKK.
  • 1868: President Andrew Johnson impeached by House of Representatives. Acquitted in Senate by one vote.
  • 1869: Ulysses S. Grant, fifth President with Scots-Irish roots, elected. Under Federal Ku Klux Klan Act, U.S. troops eventually arrest hundreds in York County, SC, and vicinity. Reconstruction Ku Klux Klan suppressed.
  • 1873: Panic of 1873 begins
  • 1870s: Logans, Guys, and many other southern Illinois families migrate to southeastern Kansas
  • 1876: Rutherford B. Hayes elected President in brokered deal to end Reconstruction
  • July 4, 1876: U.S. celebrates its centennial
  • 1877: Reconstruction ends. Federal troops withdrawn from South Carolina. Voter suppression, black disenfranchisement, white supremacy return to South
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