Zachariah Milton Garrison: Company muster rolls and hospital muster rolls, Co. I, 78th Regiment, Illinois Volunteer Infantry, U.S. (Union), 1862-1865

Zachariah Milton Garrison, son of Luther Alexander Stamps Garrison and Mahala “Millie” or “Milly” Logan Garrison, was born 22 November 1837 in Louisville, Allen County, Kentucky. He married Mary Lucinda Brock in 1859 in Bates County, Missouri. He moved to Schuyler County, Illinois, around 1860-1861.  He joined Co. I, 78th Illinois Infantry, 1 September 1862.

Some of Zachariah M. Garrison’s company muster rolls and hospital muster rolls are displayed below. Not only is there biographical and military information in them, but they help illustrate how soldiers of the Civil War were exposed to contagions in over-crowded, often unsanitary conditions, particularly early in the war. And this was a time when many illnesses’ causes were not understood or misunderstood,  and when about the only vaccine was for smallpox. More men died, by far, in the Civil War from disease and illness than from shot and shell. Zachariah M. Garrison’s experience was far from atypical.

Promoted from private to corporal, then corporal to sergeant, Zachariah Milton “Cain” Garrison survived the war. He and Mary Lucinda Brock Garrison had 15 or 16 children. He died in 1908; Mary Garrison died in 1927.

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