Photograph: Clyde Sargent and Frankie Jane Logan Sargent, Taylor County, Texas, date?

Frankie Jane Logan was the daughter of Thomas Franklin Logan and Martha Jane “Janie” Nash Logan. Frankie Jane Logan was born 20 October 1900 in Clifton, Bosque County, Texas. She married Clyde Hilton Sargent in Taylor County, Texas. He was born 8 March 1901. Clyde Sargent died 11 November 1947; Frankie Jane Logan Sargent died 15 February 1985.

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Photograph furnished by Melba Riedel

Byrd Logan: Confederate casualty report, Battle of Stones River (also known as Battle of Murfreesboro), Tennessee, and discharge due to wound

Byrd Logan served in Co. F, Captain Eddins Company, 41st Alabama Infantry Regiment, Confederate States of America (CSA). He was severely wounded in the arm at Stones River (Murfreesboro) and  was medically discharged as a result.

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Byrd Logan’s medical discharge for a gun shot wound in the arm shows him born in Lincoln County, North Carolina. He was the son of Freeman Logan and Sabra Martin Logan. He lived in Tuskaloosa (Tuscaloosa) County, Alabama. Byrd Logan married Ann Sexton. He died in Tuscalooosa County, AL, 27 September 1895.

Little-known fact about the Mexican-American War of 1846-1848

Logan Connections details a smattering of Logans or Logan-affiliated men who served in the Mexican War of 1846-1848. Author Ronald C. White points out that the war, “… largely forgotten today, was the second costliest war in American history in terms of the percentage of soldiers who died.” There were 78,718 American soldiers who served in the war: 13,283 died, a casualty rate of nearly 17 percent. That compares with a casualty rate of 2.5 percent for Americans in World Wars I and II, 0.1 percent for Korea and Vietnam, and 21 percent for the Civil War. As was typical of nearly all wars until recent times — with the advent of modern medicine, knowledge of the germ theory of disease, and improved methods of sanitation —  11,652 of the soldiers died of illness, disease, and accidents, not actual combat.

One Mexican War veteran profiled in Logan Connections is John Benjamin Ragland, son of Benjamin Ragland and Nancy Dodson Ragland. This family moved from Allen County, Kentucky, to Perry County, Illinois. John B. Ragland’s story helps illustrate the toll the Mexican War took on the men.

Ragland served as a private in Co. K, 2nd Regiment Illinois Volunteers (or 2nd Illinois Foot). At the Battle of Buena Vista 23 February 1847, Private Ragland was wounded, a wound from which he never fully recovered. He received a pension as well as 160 acres of public domain land. But his wound eventually killed him and he died young on 5 July 1863 in Perry County, Illinois. His death, like so many, wouldn’t be counted as an “official” death from the war, but it was very much so.

Interestingly, John B. Ragland and his wife, Martha Jane Huggins Ragland, named their son James Knox Polk Ragland, after President James K. Polk who forced the U.S. aggression against Mexico. James K. Polk Ragland went by J.K.P. Ragland. (There were a lot of J.K.P.s at the time.)

(The source for the above quote and casualty statistics comes from Ronald C. White’s book, American Ulysses — A Life of Ulysses S. Grant, 2016.)

Photograph: Flooded Kaolin clay open pit mine, Mountain Glen, Union County, Illinois

Kaolin clay, once especially prized for its glaze on pottery, was mined near Mountain Glen in Union County, Illinois. A small railroad depot, Kaolin Station, served the mine and vicinity. During World War I, several hundred men worked the pit. Later, when the demand for Kaolin clay dried up and the work stopped, the pit gradually filled with water. Today, it’s a small county park.

Alice Logan, daughter of James W. Logan and Eveline Wilson Logan, married (second) John William Evans. John Evans was one of the hundreds drawn to the mine for work. The 1910 Union County, Illinois, census lists him as “Miner, Kaolin Mine.”

Mining is, of course, a “boom and bust” economy. When the Kaolin mine closed, Mountain Glen, Alto Pass, and other communities drastically shrank in population. Most of the miners and their families moved on to other, fresh diggings. Today, Alto Pass remains an especially scenic site.

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Tombstone: William Benjamin “Bennie” Coates, Old Concord Cemetery, Washington County, Illinois, 1914-1920

William Benjamin “Bennie” Coates, son of Grover Cleveland Coates and Tillie Gass Coates, was born in October of 1914 in Perry County, Illinois. He was named for his grandfathers, William Coates and Benjamin Gass. He died 22 October 1920 of what was known at the time as “T.B. of the bone,” today called Pott’s disease. He is buried at Old Concord Cemetery, Washington County, Illinois.Scan 4 2.jpeg