Some Logan and Kin Members of the Perry County, Illinois, Militia in 1862

The following men were members of the militia in Perry County, Illinois, in 1862, as the Civil War was ramping up. Most of these men went on to serve in the Civil War or were already serving, even though their names were on the militia list. Among the war’s survivors, several moved to Kansas after the war.

This list comes from Donna Timpner Vuichard’s transcription of the 1862 Perry County Militia Census, reprinted in the Saga of Southern Illinois, Vol. XXI, No. 3, Fall, 1994. The Saga is published by the Genealogical Society of Southern Illinois, Carterville, Illinois. Vuichard’s publication is also at the Pinckneyville Public Library in Pinckneyville, Illinois.

  • Richard Guy — Richard was the son of William and Louisa Guy. He was about 22 years old at the time of the militia census.
  • Benjamin B. Logan¬† — Benjamin B. Logan was the son of Euclid W. Logan and Queen Della or Queendella Benedict Logan. Benjamin B. Logan’s brothers, Robert J. Logan and William A. Logan, saw combat in the Civil War. One died of his wounds in 1865; the other died several years later of complications from his Civil War wounds. Another brother, D.B. Logan died in 1865 (see below).
  • Josiah Bigham — married Harriet N. Logan, daughter of Carroll Bias Logan and Lucinda “Lucy” Ann Venable Logan. Harriet was a twin; her brother was Andrew Jackson Logan.
  • Joseph Allen — married Margaret J. Logan, daughter of William Logan and Matilda Thaxton Logan. Joseph Allen served in the Civil War in Co. D, 48th Illinois Volunteer Infantry Regiment. He was wounded in the assault on Fort McAllister in Savannah, Georgia, and his left arm was amputated.
  • Robert Beggs¬† — Robert Beggs married Frances Adeline Logan, daughter of William Logan and Matilda Thaxton Logan. Robert Beggs and his two brothers served in Illinois units during the Civil War. One, Absolom Beggs, Co. I, 80th Illinois, died of a gunshot wound while confined as a prisoner of war in Huntsville, Alabama. Robert Beggs served in Co. I, 49th Illinois Volunteer Infantry Regiment.
  • Robert J. Logan — Robert J. Logan served in Co’s. D and H, 110th Illinois. He died of wounds in DeCamp Hospital, David’s Island, New York.
  • Wm. Logan — William A. Logan was Robert J. Logan’s older brother. Wm. Logan married Sarah Mahala Garrison, daughter of Luther Alexander (Stamps) Garrison and Mahala “Millie” or “Milly” Logan Garrison. William A. Logan served in Co’s. D and H, 110th Illinois. He was wounded above the knee during the Battle of Jonesboro. The wound was severe enough that his right leg had to be amputated mid-thigh. William A. Logan died in 1876 as a result of his war wound.
  • D.B. Logan (also known as John D.B. Logan) — John D.B. Logan died in 1865. He had been married only three months and died just a little over a week after his brother, Robert J. Logan, died. It’s possible John D.B. Logan died in the war, too. We’re still hoping to uncover further records.
  • W.T. Caton — married Amelia “Milly” or “Millie” Logan, daughter of William Logan and Matilda Thaxton Logan. Wilson T. Caton served in Co. D, 89th Illinois. His regiment saw extensive action in the Civil War. W.T. Caton mustered out of service in 1865.

The militia consisted of “all able bodied men … over 18 … and under 45….”

 

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Tombstone: Harriet N. Logan Bigham, Hopewell Cemetery, Perry County, Illinois, 1836-1868

Harriet N. Logan, daughter of Carroll Bias Logan and Lucinda “Lucy” Ann Venable Logan, married Josiah Bigham. She and Andrew Jackson Logan were twins. Harriet Logan Bigham died in 1868 and is buried with the Bigham family at Hopewell Cemetery in Perry County, Illinois. Older records have more information about the full tombstone inscription, but this fragment was all Jack Logan and I could find in the cemetery.

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Reuben Logan and Joseph Allen, privates, Co. D, 48th Illinois Volunteer Infantry Regiment, U.S. (Union), 1864-1865: Muster and Descriptive Roll

Reuben Logan, son of Carroll Bias Logan and Lucinda “Lucy” Venable Logan, was born 17 August 1845 in Perry County, Illinois. After the Civil War in 1870, he married Anna Guthrie Maxwell. Anna’s first husband, Lt. William B. Maxwell, had served in the same company and regiment as Reuben Logan. William Maxwell was killed in the Battle for Atlanta 28 July 1864. He and Anna had been married a little over five months.

Margaret Jane Logan, daughter of William Logan and Matilda Thackston / Thaxton Logan, married Lewis K. Allen. Lewis Allen was killed by a horse 4 January 1861 in Washington County, Illinois. Margaret J. Logan Allen then married Lewis’ brother, Joseph Allen.

Reuben Logan and Joseph Allen both enlisted in Co. D, 48th Illinois Volunteer Infantry. Reuben was 29; Joseph Allen, 30. Reuben Logan made it through the war unscathed; however, Joseph Allen was wounded by a shell 13 December 1864 while engaged in the assault on Fort McAllister at Savannah, Georgia. His left arm was amputated. He was discharged because of disability 23 March 1865. Joseph, Margaret, and their children moved to Cherokee County, Kansas. The History of Cherokee co., Kansas has a detailed biography of Joseph’s Civil War service.

Below is the Muster and Descriptive Roll for Company D, Forty Eighth Infantry, enumerating both Joseph Allen and Reuben Logan.

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1865 Illinois state census, Washington County: Elkton (now Oakdale) township

Lucy A. Logan, fourth enumeration from the top, is Lucinda “Lucy” Ann Venable Logan, widow of Carroll Bias Logan.

(The adjacent enumeration is Clark Gordon. A daughter of Clark Gordon and Jemima Maxwell Gordon, Alice Gordon, would one day marry Elihu Z. Logan, son of Reuben Logan and Sarah Jane Stewart (McElhany) Logan.)

Four households from Lucy A. Logan is Joseph Allen. He married Margaret Jane Logan, daughter of William Logan and Matilda Thackston or Thaxton Logan. Joseph Logan served with Co. D, 48th Illinois Infantry, in the Civil War. He was wounded in the left arm by a shell in the Union assault on Fort McAllister, Savannah, Georgia, necessitating amputation of his arm. He was discharged from the Army 23 March 1865 so his wounding and recovery would still have been fresh in body and mind at the time of this state census.

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Photograph: Brick School, Perry County, Illinois, circa 1939-1941

“We shape our buildings: thereafter, they shape us.” Winston Churchill

This is Brick School south of Pinckneyville, Perry County, Illinois. Norma, Ed, and Sharon Pursell attended part or all of grade school at Brick School. They are descendants of Margaret “Maggie” Guthrie Logan Williamson and William Franklin Williamson. Maggie was the daughter of Reuben Logan and Anna “Annie” Guthrie (Maxwell) Logan. Reuben Logan’s parents were Carroll Bias Logan and Lucinda “Lucy” Venable Logan.

Courtesy of Irene Pursell Dixon

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James W. Logan reenlists as “Veteran Volunteer,” Big Black River, Mississippi, 1864

James W. Logan was the son of Carroll Bias Logan and Lucinda “Lucy” Ann Venable Logan. He enlisted 15 August 1861 and served in Co. A, 31st Illinois Volunteer Infantry Regiment, U.S. (Union). James W. Logan was from Pinckneyville, Perry County, Illinois. In camp at Big Black River, Mississippi, three-fourths of the men reenlisted as “Veteran Volunteers.” For reenlisting, the soldiers got a bonus and — perhaps most importantly — a furlough. James W. Logan had another incentive. He had been court martialed. Major General McPherson issued an order which offered a “release from all arrests…and from all charges and specifications which may have been filed….” Because James W. Logan reenlisted, “the sentence of said Court Martial [was] remitted.”

James W. Logan was a corporal. Of the eight corporals in the 31st Illinois, one was discharged for disability; one was transferred; one was wounded and discharged; one was killed at Fort Donelson; and another was discharged for wounds.

James W. Logan: 1840-1917

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