Drury Logan and Sarah Ann Lyons Logan’s children: a bit more information

In the “Register of Baptisms in Unity R.P. [Reformed Presbyterian] Church,” we find Sarah Elizabeth Logan, daughter of Sarah A. Logan, baptized 9 May 1853.

James Harvey Logan, son of Drury and “Sara” A. Logan, was baptized 24 October 1853.

In addition to learning the dates of baptism and to which church Sarah Ann belonged at the time, this is the first record we’ve found of the children’s middle names.

James H. Logan died 13 March 1855. He was 1 year, 1 month, and 2 days old.

Sarah E. Logan married Robert Given or Givens. She was born 27 August 1845 “at Marissa,” St. Clair County, Illinois. She died in Weldon, DeWitt County, Illinois, 9 or 10 August 1913.

What makes these baptisms more poignant is that three other children of Drury and Sarah Ann Lyons Logan had already died: Jane A. Logan died 11 December 1851, 9 years and 3 months old. Robert Logan and Joseph Logan died days apart in 1852. The four Logan siblings lie buried in a row in Old Salem Cemetery in Washington County, Illinois.

In a “List of Members Recorded Into Unity Reformed Presbyterian Church,” Sarah A. Logan became a member 20 April 1853.

Source for “Register of Baptisms in Unity R.P. Church” and “List of Members Recorded Into Unity Reformed Presbyterian Church”: “Old” Bethel Reformed Presbyterian Church 1820…. Eden / Sparta, Illinois, compiled by Jane Boyd, Randolph County [Illinois] Genealogical Society.



Death certificate, William J. “Bay” Logan, Washington County, Illinois, 1927

This is thought to be the death certificate of William John “Bay” Logan, son of William Logan and Matilda Thaxton or Thackston Logan.

There are some uncertainties. Although we know — from Naomi Logan Bass, daughter of William Logan’s brother, Enoch F. Logan — that “Uncle Bay” … came to our house before my dad died and stayed a while. He was almost blind. Since Enoch Logan died in March of 1924, it could help explain why Naomi lost track of “Uncle Bay” until his death in 1927. Another uncertainty is that we can’t seem to find William J. Logan in a couple of censuses. He had been living in Cherokee County, Kansas, but his mother died there in 1897 and his father in 1905 at the Cherokee County Farm. We lose him for a time afterward.

Since William Logan was “almost blind” and had “muscular heart disease” for a year-and-a-half, it makes sense that he would have lived at the County Farm, the only “safety net” other than family prior to Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal in the 1930s and 1940s.

William Logan died in 1927 and is buried at the Washington County Poor Farm Cemetery in Beaucoup Township, Washington County, Illinois. A large stone marker adjacent to a farmer’s field lists the occupants of the cemetery, including William; however, there are no individual markers and nothing to mark even the cemetery’s boundary.

(William J. Logan was called “Bay.” His brother, Drury Logan, was called “Boy.”)

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“A Bill to Bring Traitors to Trial,” North Carolina, 1782

The Revolutionary War was a civil war, too, especially in the upcountry of North and South Carolina. In 1782, the North Carolina legislature prepared “A Bill to Bring Traitors to Trial.” Among the names of Loyalists branded as traitors is one with Logan ties, Moses Moore (“Moor” in the document), and his son, Benj. Moore (“Moor”).

Despite being one of the signers of the Tryon Resolves in Tryon County, North Carolina, in 1775, Moses Moore ultimately threw in his lot with King and country. In his mind, of course, he was a patriot.

His son, John Moore, was a Loyalist (Tory) leader at the Battle of Ramsour’s Mill.

A daughter, Sarah Moore, married Drury Logan. Another daughter, Hester, married Joshua Roberts. Both Drury Logan and Joshua Roberts chose the other side in the Revolution: the Patriot (Whig) side. Much of the Drury Logan profile in Logan Connections consists of his and Joshua Roberts’ efforts (as well as Joseph Lawrence who married Moses Moore’s other daughter, Ann) to work and litigate to protect their father-in-law’s land and other assets from confiscation. This was no doubt a sometimes unpopular path to tread, but Logan and Roberts’ bona fides as Patriots made their efforts acceptable to some at least, but most importantly, acceptable in the eyes of the law.

Benj. Moore, the other “Moor” named in the bill as a traitor, was Moses Moore’s son. We don’t know much about him, but he was said to be dead by 1785.

The Moores were two of the 36 men charged with Revolutionary War treason in Rutherford County, North Carolina, alone.

The Treaty of Paris, which ended the Revolutionary War, also ended confiscation of Loyalist land and property. At that point, the North Carolina legislature passed “An Act of Pardon and Oblivion.”

Moses Moore ended up a refugee in Spanish West Florida, a haven for Loyalists originally engineered by the British King in what was then British West Florida.

Among the other “traitors” singled out from Rutherford County, North Carolina, who have a connection, although tangential, with some of our Logans are the Bickerstaff or Biggerstaff family. The Biggerstaffs, like the four Logan brothers, William, Joseph, John, and Thomas, were a family with split loyalties who fought at the Battle of Kings Mountain in 1780. The “Bickerstaffs” named in “A Bill to Bring Traitors to Trial” in 1782 were Samuel, Aaron, and Benjamin. Aaron Biggerstaff, a Tory, fought at Kings Mountain. He was said to be mortally wounded, yet his name is on the list of “traitors.” Benjamin Biggerstaff was a Whig / Patriot, by many accounts, yet family tradition has him switching sides during the war as many did, depending on the fortunes of war and their and their families’ best interest. I believe Samuel Biggerstaff was the father — and a Tory.

In a further example of tangled loyalties, John Moore, Tory commander at Ramsour’s Mill and Moses Moore’s son, was a cousin of the Biggerstaffs.

When the Patriots left Kings Mountain after their stunning victory, Loyalist prisoners in tow, they stopped at the Biggerstaff plantation for a drumhead trial of alleged traitors captured at the battle. The selection of the Biggerstaff location was probably not coincidental. Several Loyalists were hanged there before the summary executions were stopped. It’s possible that some or all of the Logan brothers, except Thomas left wounded on the battlefield, witnessed these hangings.

Our thanks to Joe Logan and Dr. A.B. Pruitt for background sources and information.

Sources: Abstracts of Sales of Confiscated Loyalists Land and Property in North Carolina, Dr. A.B. Pruitt, 1989; “A Bill to Bring Traitors to Trial, 1782,” Grace W. Turner, The North Carolina Genealogical Society Journal, Vol. XXVIII, No. 4, Nov. 2002, pages 420-426, researched by Joe Logan.


History Thought of the Day: Revolutionary War

Drury Logan served in the Revolutionary War as did the four Logan brothers, William, Joseph, John, and Thomas. But in backcountry North and South Carolina, where our Logans lived, the war didn’t affect only soldiers and militia. Women and children were impacted as well — by destruction of crops,  livestock, farms, and houses; terror and intimidation; split families, communities, and churches; fleeing as refugees; and, occasionally, torture, wounds, and death. Here’s some “big picture” information about the Revolutionary War:

  • “The dislocated proportion of the American population exceeded that of the French in their revolution.”
  • The economic decline in the U.S. after the Revolutionary war lasted fifteen years. It was “a crisis unmatched until the Great Depression of the 1930s.”
  • “Patriots … kept one-fifth of Americans enslaved.”
  • After the Revolutionary War, “60,000 dispossessed Loyalists became refugees.”
  • “During the revolution, Americans suffered more upheaval than any other American generation, save that which experienced the Civil War of 1861 to 1865.”

Source: American Revolutions — A Continental History, 1750-1804, Alan Taylor, 2016

Logan mysteries, enigmas, conundrums, and brick walls

DNA analysis has taken us farther back in time while simultaneously bringing our Logan lines closer together. Paper and digital searches continue apace. Yet, despite decades of searching by many people, we still have several major unsolved Logan genealogical puzzles. Here are a few:

  1. How do the four major Logan lines connect and where? Who is the common ancestor?
  2. Who is (are) the immigrant ancestor(s)? When did he/she arrive in the colonies? Might it have been William Logan of Spotsylvania County, Virginia? Or, perhaps his parent or parents?
  3. How does Margaret Logan of old Rappahannock County, Virginia, connect with our Logans? Or does she?
  4. Who was William Logan’s spouse? (A spouse is cited in certain DAR submissions, but I’m uncertain of the source or proof. Perhaps some of you have more information or can clarify.)
  5. Who are the parents of William Logan (Edgefield County, SC), Reuben Logan (TN), and Drury Logan (Halifax County, VA)?

On the Joseph Logan and Anna “Annie” Bias line:

  1. How do all the Bias, Byas, Byers, Byars, Bice, etc. lines fit together? Has anyone been able to sort this out?
  2. So far, no one has found a marriage record for John Black Logan. Does one exist?
  3. What religion was Zachariah Logan? We assume Baptist because of his father and siblings, but no one (to my knowledge) has found a church record whether in the Carolinas, Kentucky, Tennessee, or Illinois. Is there a reason we haven’t?

There are dozens more Logan riddles, great and small. Please feel free to add them to this list and/or comment.


Court case, Jacob S. Zorger vs. Drury Logan, DeWitt County, Illinois, 1873

Drury Logan, son of Zachariah Logan and Margaret “Peggy” Brown Logan, was involved in a lawsuit in 1871. Two years later, he was a defendant in another suit. The following documents were culled from a more extensive file from DeWitt County, Illinois, involving a lawsuit between Jacob S. Zorger and Drury Logan in 1873. Drury lost this case (and the appeal), but the jury awarded Zorger $6 instead of the $50 in damages he sought.

Scan 1.jpgThe following Summons has Drury Logan’s signature.

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Court case: Lucretia Rainey vs. Drury Logan, DeWitt County, Illinois, 1871

Drury Logan, son of Zachariah Logan and Margaret “Peggy” Brown Logan, was involved in a court case brought by Lucretia Rainey on a Writ of Replevin in DeWitt County, Illinois. “Replevin” refers to property wrongfully held or taken by a defendant. (It is one of the oldest actions in English Common Law.) In this case, it appears that Drury Logan believed an arrangement he had with Lucretia Rainey’s deceased spouse was valid and he (Drury Logan) believed a bay horse “Six or Seven years old” was rightfully his. Widow Rainey disagreed. Drury Logan lost and filed an appeal to the Circuit Court. It appears he lost his appeal as well.

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Logans in Halifax County, Virginia: Searching for Drury Logan and family (part 2)

•Deed Book 7 1767-1779 Halifax County, Virginia, Marian Dodson Chiarito, 1990

ref. to deed  8 Sept 1768 “… to Joseph Ligon of Halifax Co.,…”

•List of Voters for Elections of Burgesses 1764-1769 Halifax County, Virginia, Marion Dodson Chiarito, 1986

A List of the Poll Taken at an Election of Burgess at the Courthouse of the County aforesaid 28 November 1764:

Mr. Hamp. Wade: Jo. Logan, Wm. Logan, Jno. Logan, Vardry Magby, Jas. Logan, Edw. Cason, Jno. Byer, Jr.

17 July 1765, Mr. Walter Cale: John Logan, David Logan, Jno. Logan, Jas. Logan

•Footprints from the Old Survey Book of Halifax & Pittsylvania Counties in Virginia, Roger C. Dodson, 1989

Charles Dodson, 200 bs [both sides] Buck Br of Frying Pan Cr., 16 Apr 1753

David Logan, 3 entries, 2 on Elkhorn Cr.: 26 Nov. 1747, 13 Dec. 1748; [other entry much later: 1798]

David Logan, Jr., NS Middle Fk Mayo R, 31 Oct. 1754

John Logan, NS Banister R, Br of Elk Horn Cr. [much later entry: 1786]

Thomas Logan, waters of Straightson[last portion illegible in my notes?] Cr., no date

Two references to Vardey Mackbay / Verdery Mackby, Birches Creek, 1766, 1757

Halifax County, Virginia Colonial Poll and Tithables Lists, Mary Bondurant Warren, 1991

1764 Poll Lists, 28 Day of November Anno Dom. 1764: Mr. Hamp Wade: Jas. Logan, Jno. Cason

Mr. Hamp Wade’s List 1764: Wm. Logan, Jno. Logan, Vardry Magby, Edw’d Cason

Mr. Edward Booker List 1764: Jas. Logan, David Logan, James Logan, Jo. Logan, John Logan, William Logan

Isaac Coles’ List 1769: John Logan, William Logan, 300 acres, 0 Negroe

Capt. John Lewis’ List 1768: Jo. Leggon

Plea Book 1 Halifax County Virginia 1752-1755, Marian Dodson Chiarito, 1988

5 references to John Logan; 4 references to Vardey McBee

A History of Halifax County (Virginia), Wirt Johnson Carrington, 1924

[reference to a Ligon, but after Drury Logan was in Tryon County, NC., 1779]

[references to Logans, but much later, 1779, 1807, and 1813; however, since they are wills, noted here: Will of David Logan, 22 May 1813, brother: William Logan; brother: James Logan; Will of John Logan, 10 Aug. 1807: sons: David and William Logan; Will of Richard Logan, 28 October 1779, brothers David and William Logan]

Entry Record Book, 1737-1770 (Land Entries in the Present Virginia Counties of Halifax, Pittsylvania, Henry, Franklin, and Patrick), Marian Dodson Chiarito, 1984

David Logan (9); James Logan (1); John Logan (2): both sides of Elkhorn Creek between David Logan and Cornelius Cargill’s Lines”, 1748; Michl. McDaniel … joining John Logins Back line of his land at the Elk Shoal of Banister Br.,” 1751


Halifax County, Virginia: Searching for Drury Logan’s family (part 1)

Drury Logan was born in 1762 in Halifax County, Virginia. By 1776, he was 14, living in Tryon County, North Carolina.

Logan researchers, Joe Logan and Beverly Logan Craig prominent among them, have been searching for related Logans in Halifax County, including Drury Logan’s parents. We can’t say we have anything definitive at this time; more eyes, minds, research, and analysis are always welcomed. Here is some Halifax County, Virginia, information to add to this still-developing mosaic. To be clear, there may be no connection between these Logans (below) and Drury’s family. Hopefully, DNA and a paper trail will enable us to solve this part of the Drury Logan family puzzle.

Halifax County, Virginia Court Orders, 1759-1762 (Plea Book No. 2, Part 1), TLC Genealogy, 1998:

February Court 1761: Theophilus Lacy assignee of James Logan for 1 old [wolf’s head].

March Court 1761: A deed from Benjamin Lankford to James Login was ack. & OR.

June Court 1761: A deed from David Logan to David Caldwell (son of Robert Caldwell) was ack. & OR.

A deed from William Byrd, Esq, to John Rogers, was proved by the oaths of Joseph Logan and William Logan, 2 of the witnesses, & OC.

A deed from William Byrd, Esq, to William Logan, was proved by the oaths of Joseph Logan and John Rogers, 2 of the witnesses, & OC.

George Watkins, Plt, vs Joseph Logan, Deft, on a Petition. This day came the Plt by Paul Carrington, his atty, and Deft not appearing, the Plt proved his account for 1 [pound] 5 shillings and 4 pence, to be just Judgment for Plt for the debt afd.

July Court 1761: Thomas Erskine, Plt, vs William Login, Deft, In Debt. This day came the Plt by Paul Carrington, his atty, and came also John Smith and Peter Rogers, who become special bail for the Deft. Then the Deft says that he cannot gainsay the action of sd Plt, nor but that he owes Plt 30 [pounds] 4 shillings and 5 pence as alleged. Judgment for Plt for the debt afd. But this judgment (costs excepted) is to be discharged by the payment of 10 [pounds] 19 shillings and 2 pence half penny with legal interest on 15 [pounds] 2 shillings and 2 pence half penny from Jun 1, 1757 to Jun 16, 1761, and from thence, interest on the afsd 10 [pounds] 19 shillings and 2 pence half penny until paid. And by consent of the Plt by his atty, ordered that execution on this judgment be stayed 2 months.

August Court 1761: A deed from William Byrd, Esq., to William Login was further proved by the oath of 1 of the witnesses, & OR.

May Court 1762: A deed from William Byrd, Esq, to Joseph Logan, was ack. by David Caldwell, atty for sd Byrd, & OR.

February Court 1762: James Logan, Plt.

March Court 1762: James Logan, for reasons appearing, is exempted from paying levies.

Halifax County, Virginia Court Orders, 1763-1764 (Plea Book No. 4), TLC Genealogy, 1998:

June Court 1763: A deed from John Logan and Robert Caldwell to Angus Campbell, was ack. & OR.

A deed from John Logan and Robert Caldwell to George Moore, was ack. & OR.

(Note: There is a reference in this plea book to a “deed from Vardry McBee.” One of the successive Vardry McBees ended up in old Tryon County, North Carolina; thus the presence of the Vardry McBees helps establish a migration pattern.)

May Court 1763: William Logan — member of a jury [four separate references to William Logan serving on a jury]

(Note: There is a reference to Richard Sprigg, Plt.)

September Court 1763: Daniel Dean, Plt. vs Joseph Logan, Deft, On a petition. This day came the Plt by his atty, and the Deft not appearing, and the plt having proved the Deft’s assumpit for 1 [pound] 10 shillings, ordered that he recover the same against the Deft.

February Court 1764: William Spiller, Plt., vs john Loggins, Deft, In Debt. Dismissed, the parties having agreed.

June Court 1764: William Stokes, Gent, Plt, vs Joseph Login, Deft, On a petition for 1 [pound] 13 shillings and 8 pence, said to be due by a ‘note of hand.” This day came the Plt by his atty, and the Deft by a letter from under his hand, acknowleeging himself indebted to the Plt in sd sum. Ordered that he recover the same against sd Deft, with interest from Jul 15, 1762.

William Byrd, Esq., Plt, vs Joseph Login, Deft, On a petition for 3 [pounds] 10 shillings, said to be due by a note of hand. This day came the Plt by his atty, and the Deft not appearing and sd note at hand being produced, ordered that the Plt recover against the Deft the sd sum afd. with interest from Apr 27, 1761, and 7 shillings and 6 pence for a lawyer’s fee.

(Note: There are 10 entries for Vardry McBee in the index.)

Halifax County, Virginia Court Orders, 1764-1768 (Plea Book No. 5, Part 1), TLC Genealogy, 1998:

May Court 1765: A deed from Joseph Logan to Peter Rogers was proved by the oaths of 3 of the witnesses and OR.

A deed from Joseph Logan to James Mackendree was proved by the oath of one of the witnesses, and o certified.

August Court 1765: A deed from James McEntire to Joseph Logan was proved by the oath of one of the witnesses, which is OC.

September Court 1765: A deed from Joseph Logan to James McEntire was further proved by the oath of John Logan, one of the witnesses, and OR.

A deed from Richard Sprigg to Betty Logan was proved by the oaths of 3 of the witnesses and OR.

August Court 1765: John Porter took the oath of a Constable, to act in the sd office in the room of William Logan. [Note: “in the room of” means “in place of.”]

July Court 1766: A deed from William Logan to Peter Rogers was proved by the oaths of Edward Young, John Smith, and John Rogers, witnesses thereto, and OR.

(Note: 5 references to Vardry McBee)

Halifax County, Virginia Court Orders, 1766-1767 (Plea Book No. 5, Part 2), TLC Genealogy, 1999:

August Court 1766: Peter How, Esq., Plt, vs William Logan, Deft, On a Petition. For reasons appearing to the Court, suit dismissed.

July Court 1767: John Logan, Plt, vs Jonadab George and John George, Defts, On a Petition. This day came the Plt by his atty, and the Defts not appearing, and the Plt having proved his acct for 2 [pounds] to be just, judgment for the Plt for his deft afd, and his costs, and 7 shillings and 6 pence, a lawyer’s fee.

July Court 1767: William Roberson, Plt, vs William Womack & Joseph Ligon, Defts, In Debt. For reasons appearing, suit dismissed.

August Court 1767: A deed from James Logan to Betty Logan was proved by the oaths of 3 of the witnesses and OR.

August Court 1766: The Churchwardens of Antrim Parish, Plts, vs Elisabeth Logggins, Deft. In Debt. For reasons appearing to the Court, suit dismissed.

(Note: 1 reference to Vardry “Mackbe”)

Halifax County, Virginia Court Orders 1767-1770 (Plea Book 6), TLC Genealogy, 2000:

March Court 1768: James Login — member of a jury (dated November 19, 1765)

May Court 1768: Alexander Speirs and Company, Plaintiffs, against Joseph Liggon, Defendent, in case.

This day came the Plaintiff by Paul Carrington, their atttorney, and the Defendant in his proper person, and the Defendant says that he cannot deny the action of the Plaintiffs against him, nor but that he did assume upon himself in manner and form as the Plaintiffs above against him have alleged…. [Plaintiffs recover damages and costs — “by consent of the Plaintiffs, it is ordered that the execution of this Judgment be stayed until the Court date for this County in September next.]

September Court 1768: On the motion of Joseph Liggon, his earmark, to wit, a crop in the right and two underkeels and an overkeel in the left, is admitted to record.

Joseph Liggon — Lt. of the Militia

[My notes stop here, but there is more. I need to get back to the library to complete this book.]

Halifax County, Virginia Court Orders 1770-1771 (Plea Book No 7, Part 1), TLC Genealogy, 2000:

August Court 1770: Peter Rogers, Plaintiff, vs William Logan, Defendant, In Case. For reasons appearing, ordered that this suit be dismissed.

August Court 1770: [entry regarding John Loggins and William Loggins: not fully recorded by me]

Halifax County, Virginia Court Orders 1771-1773 (Plea Book No. 7, Part 2), TLC Genealogy, 2000:

March Court 1772: A deed from Angis Campbell to John Logan was proved by the oaths of 3 of the witnesses and ordered to be recorded.

December Court 1772: John Logan, security [two entries]