James Harvey Logan, son of Drury Logan and Sarah Ann Lyons Logan, 1854-1855: clarification

Cousin Patrick Logan notes a conundrum regarding a recent post about James Harvey Logan, son of Drury Logan and Sarah Ann Lyons Logan. James H. Logan is buried at Old Salem Cemetery in Washington County, Illinois, very near the St. Clair County line.

Recently, we had posted some new information from “Register of Baptisms in Unity R.P. [Reformed Presbyterian] Church” which gives James Harvey Logan’s date of baptism as 24 October 1853. However, James H. Logan’s tombstone has him dying 13 March 1855 with the inscription he was 1 year, 1 month, and 2 days old. That makes his date of birth 11 February 1854. Patrick points out this would make his birth date 3 months and 18 days after his baptism. Clearly, something is awry.

Since that original post, I donated the “Register of Baptisms in Unity R.P. Church” to the Wisconsin State Historical Society. My best guess is that either the Register or the transcriber of the Register or, most likely, me recorded the year of baptism incorrectly. I will get into the State Historical Society Library within the next couple of months to check this out. In the meantime, let’s assume that James Harvey Logan was baptized 24 October 1854, not 1853.

Good catch, Patrick, and thanks.

 

Drury Logan and Sarah Ann Lyons Logan’s children: a bit more information

In the “Register of Baptisms in Unity R.P. [Reformed Presbyterian] Church,” we find Sarah Elizabeth Logan, daughter of Sarah A. Logan, baptized 9 May 1853.

James Harvey Logan, son of Drury and “Sara” A. Logan, was baptized 24 October 1853.

In addition to learning the dates of baptism and to which church Sarah Ann belonged at the time, this is the first record we’ve found of the children’s middle names.

James H. Logan died 13 March 1855. He was 1 year, 1 month, and 2 days old.

Sarah E. Logan married Robert Given or Givens. She was born 27 August 1845 “at Marissa,” St. Clair County, Illinois. She died in Weldon, DeWitt County, Illinois, 9 or 10 August 1913.

What makes these baptisms more poignant is that three other children of Drury and Sarah Ann Lyons Logan had already died: Jane A. Logan died 11 December 1851, 9 years and 3 months old. Robert Logan and Joseph Logan died days apart in 1852. The four Logan siblings lie buried in a row in Old Salem Cemetery in Washington County, Illinois.

In a “List of Members Recorded Into Unity Reformed Presbyterian Church,” Sarah A. Logan became a member 20 April 1853.

Source for “Register of Baptisms in Unity R.P. Church” and “List of Members Recorded Into Unity Reformed Presbyterian Church”: “Old” Bethel Reformed Presbyterian Church 1820…. Eden / Sparta, Illinois, compiled by Jane Boyd, Randolph County [Illinois] Genealogical Society.

 

 

Death certificate, William J. “Bay” Logan, Washington County, Illinois, 1927

This is thought to be the death certificate of William John “Bay” Logan, son of William Logan and Matilda Thaxton or Thackston Logan.

There are some uncertainties. Although we know — from Naomi Logan Bass, daughter of William Logan’s brother, Enoch F. Logan — that “Uncle Bay” … came to our house before my dad died and stayed a while. He was almost blind. Since Enoch Logan died in March of 1924, it could help explain why Naomi lost track of “Uncle Bay” until his death in 1927. Another uncertainty is that we can’t seem to find William J. Logan in a couple of censuses. He had been living in Cherokee County, Kansas, but his mother died there in 1897 and his father in 1905 at the Cherokee County Farm. We lose him for a time afterward.

Since William Logan was “almost blind” and had “muscular heart disease” for a year-and-a-half, it makes sense that he would have lived at the County Farm, the only “safety net” other than family prior to Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal in the 1930s and 1940s.

William Logan died in 1927 and is buried at the Washington County Poor Farm Cemetery in Beaucoup Township, Washington County, Illinois. A large stone marker adjacent to a farmer’s field lists the occupants of the cemetery, including William; however, there are no individual markers and nothing to mark even the cemetery’s boundary.

(William J. Logan was called “Bay.” His brother, Drury Logan, was called “Boy.”)

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“A Bill to Bring Traitors to Trial,” North Carolina, 1782

The Revolutionary War was a civil war, too, especially in the upcountry of North and South Carolina. In 1782, the North Carolina legislature prepared “A Bill to Bring Traitors to Trial.” Among the names of Loyalists branded as traitors is one with Logan ties, Moses Moore (“Moor” in the document), and his son, Benj. Moore (“Moor”).

Despite being one of the signers of the Tryon Resolves in Tryon County, North Carolina, in 1775, Moses Moore ultimately threw in his lot with King and country. In his mind, of course, he was a patriot.

His son, John Moore, was a Loyalist (Tory) leader at the Battle of Ramsour’s Mill.

A daughter, Sarah Moore, married Drury Logan. Another daughter, Hester, married Joshua Roberts. Both Drury Logan and Joshua Roberts chose the other side in the Revolution: the Patriot (Whig) side. Much of the Drury Logan profile in Logan Connections consists of his and Joshua Roberts’ efforts (as well as Joseph Lawrence who married Moses Moore’s other daughter, Ann) to work and litigate to protect their father-in-law’s land and other assets from confiscation. This was no doubt a sometimes unpopular path to tread, but Logan and Roberts’ bona fides as Patriots made their efforts acceptable to some at least, but most importantly, acceptable in the eyes of the law.

Benj. Moore, the other “Moor” named in the bill as a traitor, was Moses Moore’s son. We don’t know much about him, but he was said to be dead by 1785.

The Moores were two of the 36 men charged with Revolutionary War treason in Rutherford County, North Carolina, alone.

The Treaty of Paris, which ended the Revolutionary War, also ended confiscation of Loyalist land and property. At that point, the North Carolina legislature passed “An Act of Pardon and Oblivion.”

Moses Moore ended up a refugee in Spanish West Florida, a haven for Loyalists originally engineered by the British King in what was then British West Florida.

Among the other “traitors” singled out from Rutherford County, North Carolina, who have a connection, although tangential, with some of our Logans are the Bickerstaff or Biggerstaff family. The Biggerstaffs, like the four Logan brothers, William, Joseph, John, and Thomas, were a family with split loyalties who fought at the Battle of Kings Mountain in 1780. The “Bickerstaffs” named in “A Bill to Bring Traitors to Trial” in 1782 were Samuel, Aaron, and Benjamin. Aaron Biggerstaff, a Tory, fought at Kings Mountain. He was said to be mortally wounded, yet his name is on the list of “traitors.” Benjamin Biggerstaff was a Whig / Patriot, by many accounts, yet family tradition has him switching sides during the war as many did, depending on the fortunes of war and their and their families’ best interest. I believe Samuel Biggerstaff was the father — and a Tory.

In a further example of tangled loyalties, John Moore, Tory commander at Ramsour’s Mill and Moses Moore’s son, was a cousin of the Biggerstaffs.

When the Patriots left Kings Mountain after their stunning victory, Loyalist prisoners in tow, they stopped at the Biggerstaff plantation for a drumhead trial of alleged traitors captured at the battle. The selection of the Biggerstaff location was probably not coincidental. Several Loyalists were hanged there before the summary executions were stopped. It’s possible that some or all of the Logan brothers, except Thomas left wounded on the battlefield, witnessed these hangings.

Our thanks to Joe Logan and Dr. A.B. Pruitt for background sources and information.

Sources: Abstracts of Sales of Confiscated Loyalists Land and Property in North Carolina, Dr. A.B. Pruitt, 1989; “A Bill to Bring Traitors to Trial, 1782,” Grace W. Turner, The North Carolina Genealogical Society Journal, Vol. XXVIII, No. 4, Nov. 2002, pages 420-426, researched by Joe Logan.

 

History Thought of the Day: Revolutionary War

Drury Logan served in the Revolutionary War as did the four Logan brothers, William, Joseph, John, and Thomas. But in backcountry North and South Carolina, where our Logans lived, the war didn’t affect only soldiers and militia. Women and children were impacted as well — by destruction of crops,  livestock, farms, and houses; terror and intimidation; split families, communities, and churches; fleeing as refugees; and, occasionally, torture, wounds, and death. Here’s some “big picture” information about the Revolutionary War:

  • “The dislocated proportion of the American population exceeded that of the French in their revolution.”
  • The economic decline in the U.S. after the Revolutionary war lasted fifteen years. It was “a crisis unmatched until the Great Depression of the 1930s.”
  • “Patriots … kept one-fifth of Americans enslaved.”
  • After the Revolutionary War, “60,000 dispossessed Loyalists became refugees.”
  • “During the revolution, Americans suffered more upheaval than any other American generation, save that which experienced the Civil War of 1861 to 1865.”

Source: American Revolutions — A Continental History, 1750-1804, Alan Taylor, 2016

Logan mysteries, enigmas, conundrums, and brick walls

DNA analysis has taken us farther back in time while simultaneously bringing our Logan lines closer together. Paper and digital searches continue apace. Yet, despite decades of searching by many people, we still have several major unsolved Logan genealogical puzzles. Here are a few:

  1. How do the four major Logan lines connect and where? Who is the common ancestor?
  2. Who is (are) the immigrant ancestor(s)? When did he/she arrive in the colonies? Might it have been William Logan of Spotsylvania County, Virginia? Or, perhaps his parent or parents?
  3. How does Margaret Logan of old Rappahannock County, Virginia, connect with our Logans? Or does she?
  4. Who was William Logan’s spouse? (A spouse is cited in certain DAR submissions, but I’m uncertain of the source or proof. Perhaps some of you have more information or can clarify.)
  5. Who are the parents of William Logan (Edgefield County, SC), Reuben Logan (TN), and Drury Logan (Halifax County, VA)?

On the Joseph Logan and Anna “Annie” Bias line:

  1. How do all the Bias, Byas, Byers, Byars, Bice, etc. lines fit together? Has anyone been able to sort this out?
  2. So far, no one has found a marriage record for John Black Logan. Does one exist?
  3. What religion was Zachariah Logan? We assume Baptist because of his father and siblings, but no one (to my knowledge) has found a church record whether in the Carolinas, Kentucky, Tennessee, or Illinois. Is there a reason we haven’t?

There are dozens more Logan riddles, great and small. Please feel free to add them to this list and/or comment.

 

Court case, Jacob S. Zorger vs. Drury Logan, DeWitt County, Illinois, 1873

Drury Logan, son of Zachariah Logan and Margaret “Peggy” Brown Logan, was involved in a lawsuit in 1871. Two years later, he was a defendant in another suit. The following documents were culled from a more extensive file from DeWitt County, Illinois, involving a lawsuit between Jacob S. Zorger and Drury Logan in 1873. Drury lost this case (and the appeal), but the jury awarded Zorger $6 instead of the $50 in damages he sought.

Scan 1.jpgThe following Summons has Drury Logan’s signature.

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Court case: Lucretia Rainey vs. Drury Logan, DeWitt County, Illinois, 1871

Drury Logan, son of Zachariah Logan and Margaret “Peggy” Brown Logan, was involved in a court case brought by Lucretia Rainey on a Writ of Replevin in DeWitt County, Illinois. “Replevin” refers to property wrongfully held or taken by a defendant. (It is one of the oldest actions in English Common Law.) In this case, it appears that Drury Logan believed an arrangement he had with Lucretia Rainey’s deceased spouse was valid and he (Drury Logan) believed a bay horse “Six or Seven years old” was rightfully his. Widow Rainey disagreed. Drury Logan lost and filed an appeal to the Circuit Court. It appears he lost his appeal as well.

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