Marriage certificate, D.A. Logan (Drury Armstead Logan) and Mary Jane Dickerson, Benton County, Missouri, 1875

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Contributed by Sharron Rustman

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“A Bill to Bring Traitors to Trial,” North Carolina, 1782

The Revolutionary War was a civil war, too, especially in the upcountry of North and South Carolina. In 1782, the North Carolina legislature prepared “A Bill to Bring Traitors to Trial.” Among the names of Loyalists branded as traitors is one with Logan ties, Moses Moore (“Moor” in the document), and his son, Benj. Moore (“Moor”).

Despite being one of the signers of the Tryon Resolves in Tryon County, North Carolina, in 1775, Moses Moore ultimately threw in his lot with King and country. In his mind, of course, he was a patriot.

His son, John Moore, was a Loyalist (Tory) leader at the Battle of Ramsour’s Mill.

A daughter, Sarah Moore, married Drury Logan. Another daughter, Hester, married Joshua Roberts. Both Drury Logan and Joshua Roberts chose the other side in the Revolution: the Patriot (Whig) side. Much of the Drury Logan profile in Logan Connections consists of his and Joshua Roberts’ efforts (as well as Joseph Lawrence who married Moses Moore’s other daughter, Ann) to work and litigate to protect their father-in-law’s land and other assets from confiscation. This was no doubt a sometimes unpopular path to tread, but Logan and Roberts’ bona fides as Patriots made their efforts acceptable to some at least, but most importantly, acceptable in the eyes of the law.

Benj. Moore, the other “Moor” named in the bill as a traitor, was Moses Moore’s son. We don’t know much about him, but he was said to be dead by 1785.

The Moores were two of the 36 men charged with Revolutionary War treason in Rutherford County, North Carolina, alone.

The Treaty of Paris, which ended the Revolutionary War, also ended confiscation of Loyalist land and property. At that point, the North Carolina legislature passed “An Act of Pardon and Oblivion.”

Moses Moore ended up a refugee in Spanish West Florida, a haven for Loyalists originally engineered by the British King in what was then British West Florida.

Among the other “traitors” singled out from Rutherford County, North Carolina, who have a connection, although tangential, with some of our Logans are the Bickerstaff or Biggerstaff family. The Biggerstaffs, like the four Logan brothers, William, Joseph, John, and Thomas, were a family with split loyalties who fought at the Battle of Kings Mountain in 1780. The “Bickerstaffs” named in “A Bill to Bring Traitors to Trial” in 1782 were Samuel, Aaron, and Benjamin. Aaron Biggerstaff, a Tory, fought at Kings Mountain. He was said to be mortally wounded, yet his name is on the list of “traitors.” Benjamin Biggerstaff was a Whig / Patriot, by many accounts, yet family tradition has him switching sides during the war as many did, depending on the fortunes of war and their and their families’ best interest. I believe Samuel Biggerstaff was the father — and a Tory.

In a further example of tangled loyalties, John Moore, Tory commander at Ramsour’s Mill and Moses Moore’s son, was a cousin of the Biggerstaffs.

When the Patriots left Kings Mountain after their stunning victory, Loyalist prisoners in tow, they stopped at the Biggerstaff plantation for a drumhead trial of alleged traitors captured at the battle. The selection of the Biggerstaff location was probably not coincidental. Several Loyalists were hanged there before the summary executions were stopped. It’s possible that some or all of the Logan brothers, except Thomas left wounded on the battlefield, witnessed these hangings.

Our thanks to Joe Logan and Dr. A.B. Pruitt for background sources and information.

Sources: Abstracts of Sales of Confiscated Loyalists Land and Property in North Carolina, Dr. A.B. Pruitt, 1989; “A Bill to Bring Traitors to Trial, 1782,” Grace W. Turner, The North Carolina Genealogical Society Journal, Vol. XXVIII, No. 4, Nov. 2002, pages 420-426, researched by Joe Logan.

 

Benjamin Logan, Court of Pleas & Quarter Sessions, Cleveland County, N.C., 1842: Declaration to obtain pension based on father, Drury Logan’s, service in Revolutionary War

Drury Logan, Benjamin Logan’s father, was a private in the Revolutionary War. Congress finally passed a pension law for Revolutionary soldiers in 1832. Drury Logan died in 1835 and his widow, Sarah Moore Logan, then became the pension recipient. Sarah died in 1840. In the following statement, Benjamin Logan indicates the living children and heirs of Drury and Sarah Logan are, as follows: Joseph Logan, Benjamin Logan, Levy Logan, Sarah Logan, and Aney Logan. Benjamin also states the year his father and mother were married: 1783. Benjamin signed by making his mark, being unable to write his name.

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Source: Research of Pat Phelps, Beverly Logan Craig, Joe Logan

The Moses Moore story: from Anson, Mecklenburg, and Tryon counties, North Carolina, to Mobile District of Spanish West Florida, later British West Florida

Moses Moore’s complicated life during troubled times is profiled in Logan Connections. It’s a fascinating story and, along the way, reveals some lesser-known American history, particularly concerning Spanish, later British, West Florida, designated by the King as an asylum for Loyalists — those “distressed friends of England” — during the Revolutionary War. That Moses Moore was one of the signers of the Tryon Resolves, yet remained a Loyalist, illustrates how the Revolutionary War — among other things, a civil war — was not as clear-cut, as black and white, as we may think of it today. For thousands of individuals and families, it was a murky, messier shade of gray.

The connection with our Logans came about because one of Moses Moore’s daughters, Sarah Moore (Serah Moor), married Drury Logan. Another daughter, Hester Moore, married Joshua Roberts. Much of the Drury Logan profile in Logan Connections concerns the legal actions brothers-in-law Drury Logan and Joshua Roberts (and, in the Moses Moore profile, another brother-in-law, Joseph Lawrence, who married Ann Moore) dealt with concerning their father-in-law’s property, including attempts by the newly-created Lincoln County government to confiscate Tory, Moses Moore’s, property. Here, too, societal, political, familial, and economic complexity is evident since Drury Logan and Joshua Roberts fought for the Patriot side in the war, yet, along with Joseph Lawrence, looked out for Moses Moore’s land and property. Drury and Sarah Moore Logan even named a son Moses Logan.

The information below comes from Dr. A.B. Pruitt’s “Abstracts of Sales of Confiscated Loyalists Land and Property in North Carolina,” 1969.

Lincoln County:

353. Report Oct. session 1783 by Thomas Espey, John Berber, &  John Carruth: 

m) sold at vendue — estate of Moses Moore  £29,828 curry.: land rented @£425 curry.

The following property ordered by Court to be returned to the former owners:

i) recd. by the Commrs. notes & bonds from the sale of the estate of Moses Moore to the amount of currency      £30,263

Notes: “Vendue” is a legal term meaning “public sale at auction.” “Curry.” is an abbreviation for “currency.” Note that immediately after the Revolutionary War, the legal currency used was still the British pound.

In addition to Logan Connections, there is excellent information about Moses Moore, Drury Logan, Sarah and Hester Moore, Joseph Lawrence, and more at Joe Logan’s Genealogy Site: logan-family.org.

 

Death certificate: Irvin Logan, Benton County, Missouri, 1909-1912

Irvin Logan was the son of Joe Logan and Lizzie Holland Logan. He died of malarial fever in 1912. We sometimes forget that malaria was still killing large numbers of people in the U.S. at that time. Quinine as a treatment wasn’t isolated and available until the 1920s. Malaria was once endemic in North America and Europe, although it no longer is. However, in 2015, 214 million people around the world had malaria.

Irvin Logan was buried at Johnson Cemetery.

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Newspaper articles regarding John Logan’s 1827 pension petition, Rutherford County, North Carolina

William Logan (of the four brothers at the Battle of Kings Mountain) told his grandson, John Randolph Logan, that William’s brother, John Logan, a Tory, had “died a pauper.” Joe Logan discovered an 1827 petition in the North Carolina General Assembly records and in the North Carolina Genealogical Society Journal, November 1998, which detailed John Logan’s petition to move from the Poor House in Rutherford County, North Carolina, closer to the church his wife had attended for many years (possibly Buffalo Baptist Church just across the state line in South Carolina).  The material Joe uncovered seems to confirm that John Logan was indeed a pauper, that this John Logan is one and the same, and that John Randolph Logan’s remembrance was accurate.  The brief newspaper items below refer to the progress of the pension request in the North Carolina General Assembly. For much greater detail, please see Joe Logan’s excellent Genealogy Site: logan-family.org.

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Source: Weekly Raleigh Register, Raleigh, North Carolina, 26 January 1827, page 3

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Source:  North-Carolina Star, Raleigh, North Carolina, 27 December 1827, page 2

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Source: Western Carolinian, Salisbury, North Carolina, 22 January 1828, page 1