In Albion’s Seed — Four British Folkways in America by David Hackett Fischer, Fischer makes the point that the naming of backcountry children in America (which includes the areas where our Logans lived) was unlike anywhere else in the colonies at the time. “The onomastic customs of these people were unique.” He cites George R. Stewart’s work, American Given Names, to point out the ten most-popular names on backcountry militia lists around 1776. These will look familiar to those of us researching William Logan (1008) and affiliated family branches:
The Revolutionary War was a civil war, too, especially in the upcountry of North and South Carolina. In 1782, the North Carolina legislature prepared “A Bill to Bring Traitors to Trial.” Among the names of Loyalists branded as traitors is one with Logan ties, Moses Moore (“Moor” in the document), and his son, Benj. Moore (“Moor”).
Despite being one of the signers of the Tryon Resolves in Tryon County, North Carolina, in 1775, Moses Moore ultimately threw in his lot with King and country. In his mind, of course, he was a patriot.
His son, John Moore, was a Loyalist (Tory) leader at the Battle of Ramsour’s Mill.
A daughter, Sarah Moore, married Drury Logan. Another daughter, Hester, married Joshua Roberts. Both Drury Logan and Joshua Roberts chose the other side in the Revolution: the Patriot (Whig) side. Much of the Drury Logan profile in Logan Connections consists of his and Joshua Roberts’ efforts (as well as Joseph Lawrence who married Moses Moore’s other daughter, Ann) to work and litigate to protect their father-in-law’s land and other assets from confiscation. This was no doubt a sometimes unpopular path to tread, but Logan and Roberts’ bona fides as Patriots made their efforts acceptable to some at least, but most importantly, acceptable in the eyes of the law.
Benj. Moore, the other “Moor” named in the bill as a traitor, was Moses Moore’s son. We don’t know much about him, but he was said to be dead by 1785.
The Moores were two of the 36 men charged with Revolutionary War treason in Rutherford County, North Carolina, alone.
The Treaty of Paris, which ended the Revolutionary War, also ended confiscation of Loyalist land and property. At that point, the North Carolina legislature passed “An Act of Pardon and Oblivion.”
Moses Moore ended up a refugee in Spanish West Florida, a haven for Loyalists originally engineered by the British King in what was then British West Florida.
Among the other “traitors” singled out from Rutherford County, North Carolina, who have a connection, although tangential, with some of our Logans are the Bickerstaff or Biggerstaff family. The Biggerstaffs, like the four Logan brothers, William, Joseph, John, and Thomas, were a family with split loyalties who fought at the Battle of Kings Mountain in 1780. The “Bickerstaffs” named in “A Bill to Bring Traitors to Trial” in 1782 were Samuel, Aaron, and Benjamin. Aaron Biggerstaff, a Tory, fought at Kings Mountain. He was said to be mortally wounded, yet his name is on the list of “traitors.” Benjamin Biggerstaff was a Whig / Patriot, by many accounts, yet family tradition has him switching sides during the war as many did, depending on the fortunes of war and their and their families’ best interest. I believe Samuel Biggerstaff was the father — and a Tory.
In a further example of tangled loyalties, John Moore, Tory commander at Ramsour’s Mill and Moses Moore’s son, was a cousin of the Biggerstaffs.
When the Patriots left Kings Mountain after their stunning victory, Loyalist prisoners in tow, they stopped at the Biggerstaff plantation for a drumhead trial of alleged traitors captured at the battle. The selection of the Biggerstaff location was probably not coincidental. Several Loyalists were hanged there before the summary executions were stopped. It’s possible that some or all of the Logan brothers, except Thomas left wounded on the battlefield, witnessed these hangings.
Our thanks to Joe Logan and Dr. A.B. Pruitt for background sources and information.
Sources: Abstracts of Sales of Confiscated Loyalists Land and Property in North Carolina, Dr. A.B. Pruitt, 1989; “A Bill to Bring Traitors to Trial, 1782,” Grace W. Turner, The North Carolina Genealogical Society Journal, Vol. XXVIII, No. 4, Nov. 2002, pages 420-426, researched by Joe Logan.
John Logan was one of the four Logan brothers who fought at the Battle of Kings Mountain two years prior to this tax list.
(Note how slaves are counted as a non-human “commodity” to be taxed, along with horses and cattle.)
Source: North Carolina Digital Collections, State Archives of North Carolina
Drury Logan served in the Revolutionary War as did the four Logan brothers, William, Joseph, John, and Thomas. But in backcountry North and South Carolina, where our Logans lived, the war didn’t affect only soldiers and militia. Women and children were impacted as well — by destruction of crops, livestock, farms, and houses; terror and intimidation; split families, communities, and churches; fleeing as refugees; and, occasionally, torture, wounds, and death. Here’s some “big picture” information about the Revolutionary War:
- “The dislocated proportion of the American population exceeded that of the French in their revolution.”
- The economic decline in the U.S. after the Revolutionary war lasted fifteen years. It was “a crisis unmatched until the Great Depression of the 1930s.”
- “Patriots … kept one-fifth of Americans enslaved.”
- After the Revolutionary War, “60,000 dispossessed Loyalists became refugees.”
- “During the revolution, Americans suffered more upheaval than any other American generation, save that which experienced the Civil War of 1861 to 1865.”
Source: American Revolutions — A Continental History, 1750-1804, Alan Taylor, 2016
The following from History of Lawrence County was first shared by researcher Ira Nickle many years ago.
Buchanan Logan: “William Logan had been here [Lawrence County, MO] but six years when Buchanan Logan was added to the family circle November 7, 1858….”
“In 1879 Mr. Logan … joined in marriage with Miss Mattie Slaughter, a daughter of Doctor Slaughter of Springfield, Missouri. They have two children, … Claude E. Logan, born September 13, 1881 … now residing on a farm near Logan with his wife who was Miss Leah Firestone, of Springfield, Missouri. they have two fine children, Morrow and Leah Helen.”
“The other is Oliver H. Logan who was born near Logan in 1888…. He is now married and has one child, Horace Oliver Logan….”
W.A.B. Logan: “… son of John Logan…. In addition to his other interests he owns a book and stationery store in Springfield with his son Lee in active charge. In 1883 Mr. Logan married Miss Mary E. Grubaugh…. They are now accompanied by two fond children, Lee E. Logan who joined them June 30, 1885. [He married] Miss Mabel Hill, a daughter of John R. Hill … of Jacksonville, Illinois, on August 12, 1908. They have one child … a little Christmas present on December 25, 1910, … whom they christened Harry Lee Logan.”
“Mr. W.A.B. Logan’s second child is Loren Logan, who arrived on the scene of action June 3, 1888…. He is … a painting contractor. On December 23, 1912, he and Miss Gertrude Darby, daughter of B.K. Darby, of Marionville, Missouri, joined hearts and hands … having one child, John Wyatt Logan, [born] October 16, 1913.”
Charles Ross Logan: Charles Ross Logan was born “May 18, 1883, [to] John Logan … at Logan, Missouri…. He made a specialty of fruit and berries and it is largely through his efforts and influence that the fruit and berry industry is so prosperous in that vicinity. In 1902 he was married to Leah Franklin, daughter of S.G. and Nannie (Austin) Franklin. She was born near Republic in Greene county, but … raised in Lawrence county. Four … children [were born]: Merwin, born February 21, 1904; George, born in March, 1910; Douglas … in May, 1912, and Charles … in April, 1914.”
Village of Logan, Missouri: “Logan is a station on the ‘Frisco’ railroad, six miles east of Aurora, and is situate in section 25, Buck Prairie township. The place was laid out by William Logan in April, 1870….”
“… in a short time Logan Bros. [et al] were the merchants of the new trading point. For many years this was the shipping point for Mt. Vernon and Marionville….”
The following excerpts are from History of Lawrence County, Missouri. This material was first sent to me by Logan researcher Ira Nickle many years ago.
William Logan: “… in 1852 he and his family landed in Lawrence county [from Lincoln County, Tennessee]. His father was Reuben Logan, who was one of the first settlers in Tennessee. His wife was Miss Parmelia Neece…. They were the parents of ten stalwart sons and three fair daughters, of whom six of the sons, Newton, Reuben, Wm. B., George W., Rev. B.F. and Buchanan, and one of the daughters, Mrs. Mary C. White, are still living.”
“Most of these remained in the vicinity … [but] in addition to those … many have gone forth to other states until Lawrence county now has Logan representatives from here to Texas and from the state of Washington to … New York … all of them … frequently return [to their beloved Ozark country] for a renewal of the pastoral spirit and celestial charm.”
John Logan: “He was born in Lincoln county, Tennessee, October 8, 1837…. He was married on April 3, 1860, to Miss Harriett Hendricks … as a result of this happy union there came ten children, all of whom are now living, and who were present at the time of his death … September 11, 1914. They are: W.A.B. Logan of Marionville; Mrs. Elizabeth Francis Stafford, of Green Forest, Arkansas; Belinda Florence Hays, of Springfield, Missouri; Tempa Caledonia Rainey, of Auburn, Washington; Mary Geneva Butler, of Springfield, Missouri; Jackson E.B. Logan, of Houston, Texas, and Charles Ross Logan, of Logan, Missouri.”
“During the Civil War he took the side of the rebellion and joined the Confederate army …. He was in the battle of Wilson Creek and … Little Rock, Arkansas, where he was wounded and captured … cast into the army prison at Alton, Illinois, where he remained for more than a year, when he was exchanged and … served until the close of operations.”
“On May 25, 1883, his wife died. … on April 1, 1884, [he] … united in marriage to Miss Julia Ann Stacy. To this union there was born one child, Etta Belle Killingsworth, who is living at Ash Grove, Missouri.”
“For about twenty years Mr. Logan conducted a store in Logan….”
Newton Logan: “The oldest living son of … William Logan, came to [Lawrence] county with his father when he was … ten…. He remained with his father on the farm until he was nineteen, at which time he enlisted in the Eleventh Missouri Infantry … a member of Company F under Captain Crockett Howard in Colonel Hunter’s regiment. He took part in the battles at Wilson Creek, Lexington, Pea Ridge and Prairie Grove, Arkansas. At that latter place on December 7, 1862, he lost his right leg, which totally disabled him for further service in the army. After he returned he farmed what he could, taught school and did such other things as he could find to do.”
“He … married … Miss Belinda Ashlock, daughter of Henry Ashlock … on January 12, 1862. To them were born four children: William Henry Logan, born in 1864, and now residing in Paris, Texas…. [;] Fannie Logan … wife of Harry H. Bloss … residing in Aurora, Missouri [;] Finis A. Logan, married to Miss Nina Arnold and living in Monett [;] George Benjamin Logan, married to Miss Coreta Murray … [living] in Monroe, Louisiana….”
To be continued….
Rhea Buck married John Logan.
John Logan, back row, right