South Carolina Land Grant referencing William Logan and Thomas Logan, Buffalo Creek, York County, South Carolina, 1790

Our thanks to Kay Dawson for sharing this grant from South Carolina Land Grants. “Buffillo” is Buffalo Creek in York County, South Carolina. York County is continuous with North Carolina. “Archilos” Holt is Achilles or sometimes Akilles Holt. Achilles Holt and William Logan were York County neighbors. The Achilles/Akilles Holt Cemetery is extant, although in rough condition when I was last there. There are pictures of the cemetery in “Logan Connections.”

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The Name’s the Thing

In Albion’s Seed — Four British Folkways in America by David Hackett Fischer, Fischer makes the point that the naming of backcountry children in America (which includes the areas where our Logans lived) was unlike anywhere else in the colonies at the time. “The onomastic customs of these people were unique.” He cites George R. Stewart’s work, American Given Names, to point out the ten most-popular names on backcountry militia lists around 1776. These will look familiar to those of us researching William Logan (1008) and affiliated family branches:

  • John
  • William
  • James
  • Patrick
  • Robert
  • Thomas
  • Charles
  • Samuel
  • Edward
  • Joseph

 

“A Bill to Bring Traitors to Trial,” North Carolina, 1782

The Revolutionary War was a civil war, too, especially in the upcountry of North and South Carolina. In 1782, the North Carolina legislature prepared “A Bill to Bring Traitors to Trial.” Among the names of Loyalists branded as traitors is one with Logan ties, Moses Moore (“Moor” in the document), and his son, Benj. Moore (“Moor”).

Despite being one of the signers of the Tryon Resolves in Tryon County, North Carolina, in 1775, Moses Moore ultimately threw in his lot with King and country. In his mind, of course, he was a patriot.

His son, John Moore, was a Loyalist (Tory) leader at the Battle of Ramsour’s Mill.

A daughter, Sarah Moore, married Drury Logan. Another daughter, Hester, married Joshua Roberts. Both Drury Logan and Joshua Roberts chose the other side in the Revolution: the Patriot (Whig) side. Much of the Drury Logan profile in Logan Connections consists of his and Joshua Roberts’ efforts (as well as Joseph Lawrence who married Moses Moore’s other daughter, Ann) to work and litigate to protect their father-in-law’s land and other assets from confiscation. This was no doubt a sometimes unpopular path to tread, but Logan and Roberts’ bona fides as Patriots made their efforts acceptable to some at least, but most importantly, acceptable in the eyes of the law.

Benj. Moore, the other “Moor” named in the bill as a traitor, was Moses Moore’s son. We don’t know much about him, but he was said to be dead by 1785.

The Moores were two of the 36 men charged with Revolutionary War treason in Rutherford County, North Carolina, alone.

The Treaty of Paris, which ended the Revolutionary War, also ended confiscation of Loyalist land and property. At that point, the North Carolina legislature passed “An Act of Pardon and Oblivion.”

Moses Moore ended up a refugee in Spanish West Florida, a haven for Loyalists originally engineered by the British King in what was then British West Florida.

Among the other “traitors” singled out from Rutherford County, North Carolina, who have a connection, although tangential, with some of our Logans are the Bickerstaff or Biggerstaff family. The Biggerstaffs, like the four Logan brothers, William, Joseph, John, and Thomas, were a family with split loyalties who fought at the Battle of Kings Mountain in 1780. The “Bickerstaffs” named in “A Bill to Bring Traitors to Trial” in 1782 were Samuel, Aaron, and Benjamin. Aaron Biggerstaff, a Tory, fought at Kings Mountain. He was said to be mortally wounded, yet his name is on the list of “traitors.” Benjamin Biggerstaff was a Whig / Patriot, by many accounts, yet family tradition has him switching sides during the war as many did, depending on the fortunes of war and their and their families’ best interest. I believe Samuel Biggerstaff was the father — and a Tory.

In a further example of tangled loyalties, John Moore, Tory commander at Ramsour’s Mill and Moses Moore’s son, was a cousin of the Biggerstaffs.

When the Patriots left Kings Mountain after their stunning victory, Loyalist prisoners in tow, they stopped at the Biggerstaff plantation for a drumhead trial of alleged traitors captured at the battle. The selection of the Biggerstaff location was probably not coincidental. Several Loyalists were hanged there before the summary executions were stopped. It’s possible that some or all of the Logan brothers, except Thomas left wounded on the battlefield, witnessed these hangings.

Our thanks to Joe Logan and Dr. A.B. Pruitt for background sources and information.

Sources: Abstracts of Sales of Confiscated Loyalists Land and Property in North Carolina, Dr. A.B. Pruitt, 1989; “A Bill to Bring Traitors to Trial, 1782,” Grace W. Turner, The North Carolina Genealogical Society Journal, Vol. XXVIII, No. 4, Nov. 2002, pages 420-426, researched by Joe Logan.

 

History Thought of the Day: Revolutionary War

Drury Logan served in the Revolutionary War as did the four Logan brothers, William, Joseph, John, and Thomas. But in backcountry North and South Carolina, where our Logans lived, the war didn’t affect only soldiers and militia. Women and children were impacted as well — by destruction of crops,  livestock, farms, and houses; terror and intimidation; split families, communities, and churches; fleeing as refugees; and, occasionally, torture, wounds, and death. Here’s some “big picture” information about the Revolutionary War:

  • “The dislocated proportion of the American population exceeded that of the French in their revolution.”
  • The economic decline in the U.S. after the Revolutionary war lasted fifteen years. It was “a crisis unmatched until the Great Depression of the 1930s.”
  • “Patriots … kept one-fifth of Americans enslaved.”
  • After the Revolutionary War, “60,000 dispossessed Loyalists became refugees.”
  • “During the revolution, Americans suffered more upheaval than any other American generation, save that which experienced the Civil War of 1861 to 1865.”

Source: American Revolutions — A Continental History, 1750-1804, Alan Taylor, 2016

Buffalo Baptist Church records, originally York County, now Cherokee County, South Carolina, 1803-1860

The earliest records of Buffalo Baptist Church have long been lost. The church is thought to have been founded circa 1770-1772. In 1860, Buffalo Church appointed R.E. Porter to locate and transcribe all existing church records. Porter was able to find records from circa 1803 to 1860. The Broad River Genealogical Society Quarterly (Vol. X, Nov. 1990) printed some of these records “transcribed from the microfilm copy of Porter’s transcription of the church records of the Historical Commission of the Southern Baptist Convention….” by Roy M. Brooks.

We shared the Logan names in an earlier post (Anthony, William, Esom, Green, and John Logan). One of them, William Logan, the Logan brother who fought at the Battle of Kings Mountain, was a “Judge of Temporal Controversy” and “Judge of Temporal Disputes” for Buffalo Church. In this post, we’re highlighting individuals — members of Buffalo Baptist Church — whose family names have been associated with our Logan family.

Among the earliest Elders found in the Buffalo Baptist Church records are James Bridges and James Byars. As researcher Beverly Logan Craig points out, Bridges and Logans are closely associated. We find them as neighbors, coreligionists, and in deeds and other documentation. So far, we haven’t found any intermarriage, which is a little surprising.

The Byars, Byers, Bias, Byas (etc.) name is even more closely affiliated with our Logans. William Logan’s brother, Joseph, married Anna “Annie” Bias. There are several Bias and Byas and Byars Logans. The name “Bias” continues down through the generations in, especially, the Joseph Logan line.

Gabriel (various spellings) Washburn is an early deacon of Buffalo Church. It’s not surprising that “Gabrael” Washburn sold land to William Logan and that Washburn was a chain carrier for William Logan’s survey in 1783. They were neighbors and church officials, after all.

In addition to William Logan, Peter Quinn was a Judge of Temporal Controversy for the church. Peter Quinn was a former Tory in the Revolutionary War, demonstrating how communities, neighbors, and churches were split by that war and how, later, they had to learn to reconcile.

Another intriguing name is Charles Hester, a fellow Judge of Temporal Disputes with William Logan. A Charles Hester, who died in 1828 in nearby Spartanburg District, was Thomas Logan’s stepfather. Is this Charles Hester one and the same?

Here are some names of Buffalo Baptist Church members from 1803-1860 with brief comments:

  • Abednego Adams — Was a witness to several deeds involving William Logan
  • Aaron, Amelia, Catron,  Elizabeth, Fanny, John, Lindia, Moses, Nancy, Patsy, Robert, Sarah, Stephen, Susanna, Sylvira, Unicy, and Wilis Bridges — Along with James, more members of the closely-affiliated Bridges family
  • Byars — In addition to James Byars, Ann, Elizabeth, Francis, James, Joseph, Kisiah, Rhoda, Prudence, and Thomas  Byars were church members.
  • Able, Isac, Guinna, and Polly Black — William Logan’s wife was Jane Margaret Black. Are these Blacks related? (The Blacks were also Loyalists in the Revolutionary War.)
  • Hugh Kerr — A neighbor of William Logan
  • Raney — James, Louise, and Saray Raney; and Lucinda Rany — William Logan’s son, John Black Logan, married Lois “Lou” Rainey. Are these families related?

 

 

 

Leonard Allen: application to Bureau of Indian Affairs for funding/membership in Eastern Cherokee Nation, Cherokee County, Kansas

Leonard Allen, son of Margaret Jane Logan Allen and Lewis or Louis K. Allen, was born 2 March 1858 in Washington County, Illinois. Leonard Allen married (second) Effie L. Wright in 1898 in Cherokee County, Kansas. He applied for membership — and funding — in the Eastern Cherokee Nation in Kansas. He based this on his great-grandfather, Zachariah Logan, whom he believed to be a Native American ancestor. All of these applications by this extended family were denied membership in the Cherokee Nation. DNA and the “paper trail” don’t indicate Native American ancestry for Zachariah Logan.

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Source: Karra Porter