South Carolina Land Grant referencing William Logan and Thomas Logan, Buffalo Creek, York County, South Carolina, 1790

Our thanks to Kay Dawson for sharing this grant from South Carolina Land Grants. “Buffillo” is Buffalo Creek in York County, South Carolina. York County is continuous with North Carolina. “Archilos” Holt is Achilles or sometimes Akilles Holt. Achilles Holt and William Logan were York County neighbors. The Achilles/Akilles Holt Cemetery is extant, although in rough condition when I was last there. There are pictures of the cemetery in “Logan Connections.”


Deeds for Elijah B. Logan, Spartanburg County, South Carolina, 1825 and 1826

Our thanks to Kay Dawson who uncovered two more deeds for Elijah B. Logan in Spartanburgh District, South Carolina. In Logan Connections, we have an 1822 deed to Elijah B. and another to him in 1833 and again in 1836 (pages 114 and 115). Our additional information is as follows for 1825 and 1826:

28 Nov 1825, Thomas Thomas (Spartanburgh Dist) to Elijah B. Logan (same) for $85 sold a certain tract of land in said List. on the waters of Thickety Creek, containing 45 acres land. Witness George Richards, John R. Richards. Signed Thomas Thomas. Witness oath by John R. Richards 9 Mar 1826 to F.W. Robertson J.P. Rec. 31 Dec 1833.

6 Nov 1826, Ephraim Smith (Spartanburgh Dist) to Elijah B. Logan (same), for $25 sold a certain tract of land in said Dist., containing 50 acres more or less, on the waters of Thickety creek. Border: Preuet, Frances Little, Lee Linder, Ephraim Smith, Lick Branch. Witness George Richards, Moses Webber. Signed Ephraim Smith. Witness oath by George Richards 2 Mar 1827 to Geo. Camp J.Q. Rec. 31 Dec 1833.

The source for the above deeds is: Spartanburg County/District South Carolina Deed Abstracts, Books A-T 1785-1827 by Albert Bruce Pruitt, 1989.

Elijah B. Logan was the son of William Logan and Jane Margaret Black of York County, South Carolina, born circa 1788. He married Patsy _____.

Joseph Logan, York Co., SC — Cherokee Co., AL (1823-1893) Descendants

Paulette Johnson-Powell has focused pretty much non-stop for a year-and-a-half on Joseph Logan (11/11/1823, York County, South Carolina–4/25/1893, Cherokee County, Alabama) and his descendants. Paulette’s work is masterful. Many of you on the Logan Connections website have worked with Paulette to accomplish this. All of you have helped advance our knowledge of this line. Thank you, Paulette, and thank you all.

This first post is an outline of the Joseph Logan family researched by Paulette. Later, after we’ve had time to study and digest this a bit, we’ll post Joseph Logan’s detailed tree. Unfortunately, WordPress doesn’t transfer the computer program’s normal indentations, but the numbers still allow us to follow the line.

Much appreciated! More to follow soon.


  1. William Logan – b. 1709

 2.1  William Logan

3.1  Thomas H Logan 

4.1  Joseph Logan

5.1  Martha Jane Logan

6.1  Catherine Amanda “Mandy” Lankford

7.1  Noah A Sexton

7.2  Arthur Jessie Sexton

8.1  Arthur Loyd Sexton

9.1  Sandra Sexton

9.2  Oscar Sexton

9.3   Marshall Sexton

9.4  Carl Sexton

9.5  Arthur L Sexton, Jr

9.6  Juanell Sexton

8.2  Katherine Willie Sexton

8.3  Winnie Lucille Sexton

9.1  Myrtle Stubblefield

9.2  Martha Stubblefield

9.3  Mary Stubblefield

9.4  Joyce Stubblefield

9.5  Charles I Stubblefield

9.6  John Stubblefield

8.4  Kitty Earlene Sexton

9.1  Roger D Lowery

9.2  Donna Lowery

9.3  Rita Lowery

7.3  Alice Sexton

7.4  Lucy Sexton

8.1  Lucy Mae Cook

9.1  William Jarrell Hearn

9.2  Lyrita Hearn

7.5  Lee Arnold Sexton

6.2  Hamiter Lankford

7.1  Jesse Howell Bohannon

8.1  Henry Bohannon

8.2  Mary Ray Bohannon

9.1  Barry Michael Ray

9.2  Danny Ray

9.3  Jerry Ray

9.4  Wilson Eugene Ray

9.5  Gary Mitchel Ray

9.6  Stanley Ray

9.7  Lloyd Benjamin 


8.3  Jessie J Bohannon

9.1  Linda Bohannon

9.2  Dau Bohannon

9.3  Dau Bohannon

9.4  David Bohannon

8.4  David Bohannon

8.5  Frank James Bohannon

9.1  Frankie Bohannon

9.2  Jim Bohannon

9.3  John Bohannon

9.4  Jesse Bohannon

8.6  Robert F Bohannon

9.1  Steve Bohannon

9.2  Diane Bohannon

9.3  Susan Bohannon

9.4  Sherry Bohannon

8.7  Loretta Bohannon

8.8  Arthur Bohannon

9.1  Kenneth Arthur 


9.2  Linda Bohannon

9.3  Brenda Bohannon

8.9  Juanita Bohannon

7.2  Deby Bohannon

8.1  Minnie Lee Estrell Bohannon

9.1  Elton Mathew Elrod

9.2  Mary Magdeline Elrod

9.3  Marilyn Elrod

9.4  Mark Elrod

9.5  Howard Elrod

9.6  Martha Elrod

9.7  Annette Elrod

8.2  Lillie Mae Bohannon

8.3  Lonnie Richard Bohannon

9.1  Tony Bohannon

9.2  Carolyn Bohannon

7.3  Edward R Bohannon

7.4  Ruby Mae Bohannon

8.1  Ella Mae Gravley

8.2  Lois Gravley

8.3  William Jefferson Gravley

9.1  Greg Gravley

9.2  Michael Gravley

9.3  Susie Gravley

9.4  Frances Gravley

8.4  Aretta Gravley

8.5  Ralph Edward Gravley

8.6  Ada Gravley

9.1  Lewis Brown

9.2  Daniel Brown

7.5  Fred Bohannon

7.6  Roy Elbert Bohannon

7.7  Addie Mae Bohannon

8.1  William Earl Segars

9.1  William Stephen Segars

9.2  Robert Segars

9.3  Mary Anne Segars

9.4  Jane Segars

8.2  Marie Segars

8.3  Bonnie Lee Segars

8.4  Jimmy Charles Segars

8.5  Roy Segars

8.6  Ann Segars

8.7  Faye Segars

8.8  Iris Segars

6.3  Hamilton Lankford

6.4  Tiney L Lankford

7.1  Mattie Jarrell

8.1  Julia Grace Clay

9.1  Donnie Lamar McElwee

8.2  Virgil Clay

9.1  Douglas Wayne Clay

9.2  Dolleen Clay

9.3  Donathan Craig Clay

9.4  David Nelson Clay

9.5  Daniel Virgil Clay

9.6  Delilah Clay

8.3  Nelson Clay

8.4  Gordon Clay

9.1  Deborah Ann Clay

9.2  Royce W Clay

8.5  Joe Henry Clay

8.6  Baby Girl Clay

7.2  Amanda Jarrell

8.1  Pearl M Roberson

9.1  Danny Frnklin Nicholas

9.2  James Nelson Nicholas

9.3  Debra Nicholas

9.4  Dianne Nicholas

8.2  Lucy Dale Roberson

9.1  Carl Houston Ingram

9.2  Barbara Ann Ingram

8.3  Eddie Earnest Roberson

8.4  Jack Roberson

9.1  Dale Roberson

9.2  Sheila Roberson

9.3  Marie Roberson

9.4  Jackie Roberson

7.3  Fred Rufus “Red” Jarrell

8.1  Ralph Dennis Jarrell

7.4  Frank Eugene Jarrell

8.1  Bessie Mae Jarrell

9.1  Jancie Kay Smith

9.2  Nancy Sue Smith

8.2  Ray Jarrell

7.5  Mildred Louise Jarrell

7.6  Martha E “Nannie” Jarrell

8.1  James Homer Chastain

8.2  William Doyle Chastain

9.1  William Scotty Chastain

9.2  Freddie Gerald 


9.3  Janice Chastain

9.4  Eddie Chastain

9.5  Jeff Chastain

9.6  Darryl Chastain

9.7  Pete Chastain

9.8  Wayne Chastain

7.7  Clarence Cecil Jarrell

8.1  Jerry Anderson Jarrell

8.2  Chuck Jarrell

8.3  James Michael Jarrell

8.4  Anna Christine “Tina” Jarrell

8.5  Penny Corine Jarrell

8.6  Donnie Lynn Jarrell

8.7  Clarence C “Dooney” Jarrell

8.8  Ronnie Lee “Bill” Jarrell

6.5  Mary Gussie Lankford

7.1  William H Jarrell

8.1  Nellie Madgeline Jarrell

9.1  Tony Hinesley

9.2  Tammie Hinesley

9.3  Melanie Hinesley

9.4  Debbie Hinesley

9.5  Jennie Hinesley

8.2  Katherine Virginia Jarrell 9.1  Jeff Crawford

9.2  Joel Crawford

9.3  Vickie Crawford

9.4  Jennifer Crawford

9.5  Joannie Crawford

9.6  Jean Crawford

9.7  Julie Crawford

8.3  Alice Marie Jarrell

9.1  Michael Wayne Mitchell

9.2  Vickie Lynn Mitchell

8.4  Larry Leonard Jarrell

9.1  Sherry L Jarrell

9.2  Terry Glenn Jarrell

9.3  Porcia Jarrell

9.4  Venessa K Jarrell

8.5  Shirley Belinda Jarrell

9.1  Michael Dewayne 


9.2  Patricia Farmer

9.3  Tommy Farmer

8.6  Roger Lee Jarrell

8.7  Ray Jarrell

8.8  Sybil Jarrell

7.2  Walter Jarrell

8.1  Arlene Jarrell

8.2  Danny Jarrell

8.3  Billy Ray Jarrell

8.4  Phillip Jarrell

8.5  Elizabeth Jarrell

8.6  Shirley Jarrell

7.3  Rosie Jarrell

7.4  Cleve Jarrell

8.1  Elvis Jarrell

8.2  Ricky Jarrell

8.3  Randall Jarrell

8.4  Kenny Lee Jarrell

8.5  Gary Wayne Jarrell

8.6  Virginia Jarrell

8.7  Betty Jean Jarrell

7.5  Lee Jarrell

8.1  Carolyn Jarrell

9.1  Lynn Bates

9.2  Jeff Smith

8.2  Bobby Lee Jarrell

9.1  Tommy Jarrell

9.2  Wesley Allen Jarrell

8.3  Rhonda Jarrell

8.4  Debbie Jarrell

8.5  Geraldine Jarrell

8.6  Mary Patricia Jarrell

7.6  Delores Margaret “Lois” Jarrell

8.1  Llinda Faye Price

8.2  Dondra Price

8.3  Judy Price

8.4  Bill Price

7.7  Edward James Jarrell

8.1  Michael Edward Jarrell

8.2  Glenda Louise Jarrell

6.6  Daisy E Lankford

7.1  William Virgil Pyle

7.2  Lucy/Louise Pyle

7.3  Mary Ethel Pyle

8.1  Paulette Gray

8.2  Glenn Thomas Gray

8.3  Robert Gene Gray

7.4  Lillie Ophelia Pyle

8.1  David Maples

8.2  Larry Maples

7.5  Horace Hamilton Pyle

8.1  Bill Pyle

8.2  Danny Pyle

7.6  Herman Pyle

8.1  Tommy Pyle

8.2  Richard Thomas Pyle

8.3  Katherine Lynne Pyle

6.7  David Lankford

5.2  Fanny S Logan

6.1  Francis Marion Helton

6.2  Amanda Caroline Helton

7.1  William Clarence “Dick” Smart

8.1  Lois Smart

8.2  James Marion Smart

8.3  Charles Leroy Smart

7.2  Josephus “Joe” Smart

7.3  George Raymond Smart

7.4  Samuel B Smart

8.1  Samuel B Smart, Jr

9.1  Melanie Jill Smart

9.2  Joel David Smart

9.3  Samuel B Smart III

7.5  Ruby Jane Smart

8.1  Bobbie Jo Graham

7.6  Noah Elbert Smart

8.1  George Elbert Smart

7.7  Bonnie Smart

8.1  William Don Rhodes

6.3  William Joseph Helton

6.4  Eula Helton

5.3  Anacondie “Anna”/”Manda” Logan

6.1  William Walter Kines

7.1  Bonnie May Kines

7.2  Rev Herman Grady Kines

8.1  Beth Kines

8.2  Nell Kines

7.3  Evelyn Odell Kines

8.1  Vickie Denton

8.2  Andrew “Andy” Wilbur 

          Denton, Jr

7.4  Bertie Louise Kines

8.1  David Franklin Sharp, Jr

8.2  Al Sharp

6.2  Henry Lee Kines

7.1  Annie Bell Kines

7.2  Amanda “Mandy” Ola Kines

8.1  Margaret E Pierce

9.1  Jewel McGatha

9.2  Dorothy McGatha

8.2  Catherine Louise Pierce

8.3  Mary Frances Pierce

9.1  Wannette Kelley

9.2  Martha Kelley

9.3  Linda Kelley

9.4  Virginia Kelley

8.4  Sylvia Dean Pierce

9.1  Jimmy Ray McGatha

9.2  Emmitt Lamar McGatha

9.3  Robert Junior McGatha

9.4  Betty Ann McGatha

8.5  Henry Lee Pierce

9.1  Geraldine Pierce

9.2  Phyllis Pierce

9.3  Darrell Lee Pierce

8.6  Robert Hugh Pierce

8.7  Betty Lou Pierce

9.1  Rickey Lamar McGatha

9.2  Richard McGatha

9.3  Debra McGatha

9.4  Sandra McGatha

8.8  Raymond Earl Pierce

8.9  Peggy Faye Pierce

9.1  Wanda Watts

9.2  Gregory Watts

8.10  Pluma Estelle Pierce

9.1  Jason Alexander

9.2  Steve Alexander

8.11  Melvin Elbert Pierce

9.1  Jerri Pierce

9.2  Kevin Pierce

9.3  Lee Pierce

9.4  Vickie Pierce

8.12  Emmett Leonard Pierce

8.13  James Donald “JD” Pierce

9.1  Stacy Pierce

8.14  Patricia Ann Pierce

9.1  Pamela Lambert

9.2  Rodney Lambert

7.3  Charlie Austin Kines

8.1  Charline Farris Kines

9.1  Timothy Wayne McFall

8.2  Winford Teague Kines

7.4  James Fred Kines

8.1  James Michael Kines

8.2  Patricia J Kines

8.3  Sara Ellen Kines

7.5  Emmett Leonard Kines

8.1  Vicki Joi Kines

8.2  Judy Karen Kines

7.6  Alma Elizabeth Kines

8.1  Kenneth Doyle Kelley

9.1  Robin Kelley

9.2  Robert Kelley

9.3  Jammie Kelley

8.2  Brenda Gail Kelley

9.1  Tammy Holcomb

8.3  Frankie Kelley

8.4  Tanna/Tina Kelley

8.5  Sandra Kelley

7.7  George Robert Kines

8.1  Danny Seals Kines

9.1  Abigail Caroline Kines

9.2  Derrick Van Kines

9.3  Robert Darrin Kines

9.4  Sandi Kines

8.2  Tammi Kines

8.3  Susan Kines

8.4  Diane Kines

6.3  George Ernest Kines

7.1  Danelle Kines

6.4  Joseph “Joe” Woodford Kines

6.5  Emmett M Kines

7.1  Hoyt B Kines

7.2  Annie/Anna Lou Kines

7.3  Robbie L Kines

7.4  Edith Kines

8.1  Lewis Edward “Eddie” 


Kit # ZF5335342 9.1  Sarah Hackney

8,2  Sharon Hackney

7.5  Billy Joe Kines

8.1  Richard Barton Kines

8.2  Scott Kines

8.3  Suzanna Kines

6.6  Alex Lemuel Kines

7.1  Allen James Kines

7.2  Eunice Kines

8.1  Carol Jean Putnam

8.2  Jerry Ronald Putnam

8.3  Donna Kay Putman

7.3  Alex Lemuel Kines

8.1  Dr. Thomas Michael Kines, Jr

8.2  Stephen Paul Kines

8.3  Beverly Kines

6.7  Katie Mae Kines

7.1  Ruby Catherine Williams

8.1  Gayle Lockridge

8.2  Reba Lockridge

8.3  Brenda Lockridge

7.2  William Clifford Williams

7.3  Agnes Juanita Williams

8.1  Beverly Anita White

9.1  Katie Kimball

8.2  Sammy White

8.3  Catherine White

7.4  Myrtle Louise Williams

8.1  Perry Wilson Lockridge

8.2  Preston Lockridge

8.3  Rita Lockridge

7.5  Beulah Mae Williams

8.1  Beth Gillliam

8.2  Marsha Gilliam

8.3  Stephen Gilliam

7.6  Donald Edward Eugene Williams

8.1  Edward Eugene Williams

9.1  Bryan Williams

9.2  Kevin Willliams

9.3  Beth Williams

8.2  Judy Williams

8.3  Donna Willliams

7.7  Bobby Gene Williams

8.1  Kay Williams

6.8  Austin Glen Kines

7.1  Austin Joe Kines

8.1  Bruce Kines

8.2  Joe Kines

8.3  Angela K Kines

7.2  Eva Ruth Kines

8.1  Phyllis Gowens

8.2  Janis Gowens

7.3  Harvey Kines

8.1  Michael T Kines

8.2  Linda Kines

7.4  W Harold Kines

5.4  George Washington Logan

5.5  Benjamin Logan

6.1  Ida Mae Logan

7.1  Lula Madelyn Merritt

8.1  Donna Rebecca Owens

8.2  Vickie Elaine Owens

9.1  Chad DeSanto

7.2  Omer Chester Merritt

8.1  Dianne Merritt

7.3  Roy Kenneth Merritt

8.1  Tony Merritt

8.2  Kenneth Merritt

7.4  Edward Donald Merritt

8.1  Rhonda Merritt

8.2  Debbie Merritt

8.3  Cherie Merritt

7.5  Franklin Ray Merritt

8.1  Mark Merritt

7.6  Joseph Lucas Merritt

8.1  Ronnie Lee Merritt

8.2  Janet Merritt

8.3  Tammy Merritt

8.4  Darlene Merritt

8.5  Scottie Merritt

8.6  Michael Merritt

8.7  Barry Merritt

6.2  Daisy Lee Logan

7.1  Daisy Aileen Morton

8.1  Jerry Henson

8.2  James Michael Henson

8.3  David Henson

Kit # T280818 8.4  Danny C Henson

7.2  Richard H Morton

6.3  Joseph Carl Logan

7.1  Betty Joe Logan

8.1  Edgar Robin Bohannon

8.2  Bonnie Lenn Bohannon

8.3  Kate Bohannon

8.4  Sally Bohannon

7.2  James “Jim” B Logan

8.1  Bonnie Kathleen Logan

9.1  Jeff Carlton

8.2  Sue Ellen Logan

7.3  Richard Lanham Logan

7.4  Lynda Ann Logan

7.5  Gayle Cordelia Logan

7.6  Brenda Joyce Logan

6.4  Jack Logan

6.5  Josie Logan

7.1  Jo Ann Davis

7.2  Linda E Davis

5.6  Nancy/Nannie Logan

6.1  Joseph Wood

6.2  Ella C Wood

6.3  Bob/Robert Wood

Kit #T958429 7.1  Ruth Lavonia Wood

Kit #A676280 8.1 Ken Blair

8.2  Steven David Blair

7.2  Herman Edward Wood, Sr

8.1  Herman Edward Wood, Jr

7.3  Nellie Dean Wood

7.4  Clara Bell Wood

8.1  Patricia Yarborough

8.2  Edward Yarborough

6.4  Lula May Wood

7.1  James Hubert Smith

6.5  Reuben Wood

6.6  George Edward Wood

7.1  Laura Beatrice Wood

5.7  Josephus L Logan

6.1  John Owens Logan

7.1  Joe H Logan

6.2  Evelyn Cleo Logan

7.1  Robert Jerry Logan

8.1  Sheree Logan

7.2  Roland Eugene Pitts

7.3  Bonnie Elaine Pitts

5.8  Lucy Logan

5.9  Charles Henry Logan

6.1  T E Logan

7.1  Margaret Mae Logan

Kit #’s A338097 & T064905 7.2  Charles Thomas Logan

7.3  Barbara Jo Logan

6.2  Mary Marie Logan

6.3  Joseph Tillman Logan

6.4  Katherine Logan

7.1  Charles Allen Bliler

8.1  William Edward Bliler

8.2  John Charles Blliler

8.3  Michelle Bliler

7.2  James Russell Bliler

8.1  Michael John Moyer

9.1  John Moyer

9.2  Michael Moyer, Jr

8.2  James Patrick Moyer

8.3  Kathleen Moyer

6.5  Edgar James Logan

Kit # T977729 7.1  James R “Jim” Logan

7.2  Jerry Logan

6.6  Harry Benjamin Logan

6.7  Charles David Logan

6.8  Buena Mae Logan

7.1  Janet Traglio

5. 10  Abaraham “Abe” Helton Logan

6.1  Annie Ruth Logan

6.2  Hazel Logan

6.3  Ruby E logan

5.11  Reuben “Riley” Wright Logan

6.1  William T Logan

6.2  Infant Son Logan

6.3  John Roy Logan

6.4  J Hoyt Logan

6.5  Charles Tatum Logan

7.1  Fran Logan

7.2  Sarah Logan

6.6  Ethel May Logan

7.1  Lamar Wayne Minshew

8.1  Melaine S Minshew

8.2  Michael Minshew

7.2  Dwight “Buddy” Minshew

6.7  Thomas Lester Logan

6.8  Mertice Ruth Logan

6.9  Dorothy Logan

7.1  Marion Allen Mull

6.10  Thurman Judson Logan

6.11  Sara Mildred Logan

5.12  Josephine “Josie” Logan

6.1  Jewell Katherine Mobley

7.1  Robert E Hurst

6.2  Charles Ralph Mobley

6.3  Alonzo Portress Mobley

7.1  Dennis Mobley

7.2  Anita Mobley

6.4  William Cecil Mobley

Kit #T818249 7.1  Ann Mobley

7.2 Deb Mobley

7.3  Jim Mobley

6.5  Mary Elizabeth Mobley

6.6  Wallace Milton Mobley

7.1  Douglas Wallace “Doug” Mobley

7.2  Matthew Milton Mobley

7.3  Meredith Mobley

7.4  Melissa Mobley

7.5  Cindy Charlotte Mobley

6.7  Vernon Eugene Mobley

7.1  Andy Mobley

7.2  Daniel Mobley

5.13  William M Logan

6.1  Glennie Mae Logan

6.2  Joseph Ralph Logan

6.3  William Hugh Logan

7.1  Alice Darlene Logan

7.2  Raymond R Logan

7.3  Daniel Hugh Logan

6.4  Mary Kathleen Logan

6.5  Lora Lee Logan

7.1  Harvey E Patty

7.2  Richard Louis Patty

7.3  Jonniece Patty

7.4  Therese Patty

6.6  William Houston Logan

7.1  Sherry Logan

7.2  Douglas Logan

6.7  Wilburn Cecil Logan

7.1  Michael Logan

7.2  Mark Logan

6.8  Norval Lovene Logan  

7.1  John William Logan

7.2  Kathy Logan

William Logan, “Clench / Clinch,” and Illegitimacy

Most William Logan (of Spotsylvania County, Virginia) researchers believe the court alias “Clench” or “Clinch” refers to illegitimacy. So do some impartial (non-Logan) Virginia researchers. Let me quote one, Ann Avery Hunter. This correspondence with Ann is from nearly 20 years ago (1999). Some excerpts:

“I have never seen an alias in a Court record that was assigned by the individual and I can’t think of any reason for it. I have seen records that say ‘William Garthright, known as Whisperer’ and ‘John Jones, called Frognose,’ but the only times I’ve seen ‘alias,” and I have seen a number of them, it has been in the case of an illegitimate birth. I have also heard that [so] stated in a talk by one of the experts on VA genealogy at a statewide conference.”

Ann Avery Hunter goes on to give some specific examples from her research. It’s a different county (Chesterfield), but the Virginia law/court system is the same, of course. “I spent a year reading the Chesterfield Co., VA Court Order books page by page and saw any number of ‘alias’ deeds and will beneficiaries. They were all illegitimate offspring who had to use their mother’s maiden name in legal documents. In many cases, the father was brought to court by the mother and ordered to pay support, so there was no question about why the ‘alias’ was used on later documents. Sometimes when these people left wills themselves, they had been using their father’s surname for so long that the will was recorded in that name. I guess by that time no one remembered or cared that this was not a legal name.” [Note: The Spotsylvania County, VA, court records referring to William Logan “alias Clench or Clinch” do not pertain to deeds and wills, so these specific examples don’t pertain except to bolster the case about aliases used in the colony of Virginia’s courts.]

Researcher Hunter goes on to offer this advice: “… look at the Spotsylvania Court Order books from the time your Logan ancestor was born until he was 14 or so and see if there is anything on a Clinch/Clench paying for his support. For the most part this happened just before the father was being legally married, probably because the mother was worried about not getting any help from him after his marriage.” [Note: The Spotsylvania Co. and Orange Co. records all appear to be after William Logan was older than 14; however, it’s still a good tip in terms of researching other counties where he may have been raised before coming to Spotsylvania.]

Ann Avery Hunter adds this: “Sometimes you need to read through ‘all’ of the Court documents in the time period in which your ancestor lived. About 1/3 of relevant information is found in documents not indexed under the surname you are searching for [!, exclamation mine].” She gives an example of three generations of one of her family lines that was indexed in the name of an unknown sister’s husband. None of her family left wills and had no other deeds, “so it was a dream come true.”

Most of us genies don’t get exercised about illegitimacy; nonetheless, since not everyone in one’s family is a genealogist (I repeat: alas), it’s always good to add some context:

  • In colonial Virginia, for the most part, the “crime” of bearing an illegitimate child fell on the mother. [Aside: Women couldn’t vote or serve in the House of Burgesses. All laws were written by men and adjudicated by men.]
  • For colonial Virginia, there are three major factors to keep in mind regarding extramarital activity: gender (see first bullet point), class, and race. [Aside: Come to think of it, we’re not that far removed from colonial times after all.]
  • In terms of social class, many colonists were indentured servants, that is, people who got their ocean passage paid and were then “bound” in service for several years’ work. (Far more people came over by indenture than paid their own passage.) By definition and circumstance, these people were not the wealthy upper class, of course.
  • Indentured servants weren’t allowed to marry. A term of indenture could be seven years. This presented some challenges when a young couple fell in love, but had to wait several years to marry.
  • At the same time, women who were indentured as servants often worked in their master’s home, isolated. Sexual predation by men to whom they were indentured was common. Those men held most of the power in the equation. In addition, masters sometimes deliberately tried to impregnate indentured females to extend their time of indenture.
  • Several writers point to both the gender imbalance in colonial Virginia and the comparative “weakness of community institutions and standards,” especially in the frontier communities, which is what Spotsylvania County was at the time, to explain why the illegitimacy rate in the colony was 2-3 times higher than in England.

William Logan and “Clench/Clinch” confusion

When it comes to William Logan of Spotsylvania County, Virginia, I’m reminded of the famous Mark Twain line: “The researches of many commentators have thrown much darkness upon this subject, and it is probable that if they continue we shall soon know nothing at all about it.” Certainly a broad overstatement in this case, and besides, I’ve been one of those well-meaning “commentators.” That said, however….

Here’s my concern. Many Logan researchers, in their attempt to IDENTIFY William Logan, sometimes “alias Clench / Clinch” in Virginia court records, from among all the other potential William Logans “out there,” refer to him as William “Clench” Logan. This is very helpful as an identifier for us genie researchers and also as a clue to possible ancestry (more on that in a subsequent post); however, it neither accurately reflects how William Logan referred to himself nor how other people referred to him and knew him.

This is an important distinction. Think about yourself. Take off your “genie” hat for a moment. What if, years from now, people referred to you in a way you never were referred to in life? Family, friends, colleagues, neighbors, yourself: Nobody used your name this way or called you by this court alias when you were alive. It would be exceedingly odd for people to “begin” to use a name never used in your lifetime (except in court). Alas, not everybody is, or will be, a genie. Unintentionally, we may have confused the issue for future readers of our research and for those new to researching William Logan of Spotsylvania County.

This rendering of his name has led some people to think William Logan had an alias in the popular, not legal, sense; that is, that “Clench” or “Clinch” was an alias like Billy “The Kid”, Alan “The Horse” Ameche, Elroy “Crazy Legs” Hirsch, or Vito “Babe” Parilli. That is most certainly not the case with William Logan at that time and place (1720s, 30s, and 40s in colonial Virginia). Nobody called him “Clench” or “Clinch” on the street.

Then there’s the fact that William Logan, “alias Clinch or Clench” (certainly the two spellings are simply a matter of interpreting the writing: Is it an “i” or an “e”), has somehow become only “Clench.” Why not “Clinch”? Why is one picked over the other? I have never heard an explanation for that choice.

It’s also important to point out that, in all the Spotsylvania and Orange County, Virginia, court records that reference William Logan (once or twice, Login), there are approximately four times as many which refer to him as “William Logan” than as “alias Clench or Clinch.”

My view is that we should look at Clench or Clinch as valuable clues to possible ancestry (more in another post) and that among ourselves as genealogical researchers, it may be helpful to use “Clench or Clinch” as an identifier. But we may want to do a bit of explaining, too; provide some context; and not merely call him William “Clench” Logan. With the best of intentions, in the process of identifying this William Logan, we are simultaneously misleading people about his name. We are unintentionally “throwing darkness on this subject.”

The next post will look at the possibilities that “alias Clench or Clinch” give us for furthering our knowledge of his ancestry — and ours.





William Logan, 1st North Carolina Battalion, Revolutionary War, 1777-1778

William Logan, one of the four Logan brothers at the Battle of Kings Mountain in 1780, served earlier as a private with the First North Carolina Battalion, commanded by Colonel Thomas Clark.

Source: “Roll of Lt. Colonel Mebane’s Company of the First North Carolina Battalion, commanded by Colonel Thomas Clark, September 8th, 1778,” Army Returns, Book 27, page 22, North Carolina State Archives

The Name’s the Thing

In Albion’s Seed — Four British Folkways in America by David Hackett Fischer, Fischer makes the point that the naming of backcountry children in America (which includes the areas where our Logans lived) was unlike anywhere else in the colonies at the time. “The onomastic customs of these people were unique.” He cites George R. Stewart’s work, American Given Names, to point out the ten most-popular names on backcountry militia lists around 1776. These will look familiar to those of us researching William Logan (1008) and affiliated family branches:

  • John
  • William
  • James
  • Patrick
  • Robert
  • Thomas
  • Charles
  • Samuel
  • Edward
  • Joseph


Death certificate, William J. “Bay” Logan, Washington County, Illinois, 1927

This is thought to be the death certificate of William John “Bay” Logan, son of William Logan and Matilda Thaxton or Thackston Logan.

There are some uncertainties. Although we know — from Naomi Logan Bass, daughter of William Logan’s brother, Enoch F. Logan — that “Uncle Bay” … came to our house before my dad died and stayed a while. He was almost blind. Since Enoch Logan died in March of 1924, it could help explain why Naomi lost track of “Uncle Bay” until his death in 1927. Another uncertainty is that we can’t seem to find William J. Logan in a couple of censuses. He had been living in Cherokee County, Kansas, but his mother died there in 1897 and his father in 1905 at the Cherokee County Farm. We lose him for a time afterward.

Since William Logan was “almost blind” and had “muscular heart disease” for a year-and-a-half, it makes sense that he would have lived at the County Farm, the only “safety net” other than family prior to Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal in the 1930s and 1940s.

William Logan died in 1927 and is buried at the Washington County Poor Farm Cemetery in Beaucoup Township, Washington County, Illinois. A large stone marker adjacent to a farmer’s field lists the occupants of the cemetery, including William; however, there are no individual markers and nothing to mark even the cemetery’s boundary.

(William J. Logan was called “Bay.” His brother, Drury Logan, was called “Boy.”)

Scan 1.jpg

More Twins!

One of the remarkable features of our extended Logan families is the number of twins we find. An entire section in the addendum of Logan Connections details our known twins — and that list continues to grow. It appears we’ve found another set, assuming that the Ryal / Rial / Riley Logan family, descended from Esom Logan, is, in fact, “our” Esom Logan. That is assumed, but not yet proven, to the best of my knowledge.

The twins are William and Allein Logan, born 7 July 1882, children of Ryal Thomas Logan / Thomas Riley Logan and Jennie Cele Wood Logan. This research was done by Barbara W. Austin and found in her Family Group Sheet, detailed in the Logan Newsletter of January 2001, Vol. 5, No. 1.

If any of our readers have more information on twins we might have missed in Logan Connections, we’d love to have it. Thank you.

More information on Larkin Chew of Spotsylvania County, Virginia (part 2)

Two articles, “The Silver Mine in 1713,” in Beyond Germanna, Vol. 12, No. 5, September 2000 by Stephen Jacobsen and John Blankenbaker and “The Silver Mine Patent” by John Blankenbaker have additional information on Larkin Chew. Some excerpts:

“In 1713, Larkin Chew patented 4020 acres that lay on both sides of Mine Run in present day Orange County, Virginia.” Fractional interests were quickly sold and Chew himself was left with only a fractional interest. (One of those to whom an interest was sold was Alexander Spotswood.) The sales were in Essex County, Virginia, one of the parent counties of Spotsylvania County.

Apparently, this mine was not successful.

The above might lead us to see if early Essex County, Virginia, records have anything to offer us on William Logan. Might he have been associated with Larkin Chew at this early date either as an indentured servant or workman?

Also, it’s interesting to note that Essex County was created out of old Rappahannock County. Rappahannock County is where we find one of our earliest potential — unproven — Logan connections: Margaret Logan. This is pure speculation at this point, but is intriguing for further study.